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Long-term behavior of elastomer seals and polymers for neutron shielding

  • The long time-frame of the necessary safe enclosure of radioactive waste in containers gains interna-tionally an increasing attention. As well extended storage periods as a usually necessary subsequent transportation after storage have to be evaluated. In Germany, the concept of dry interim storage in dual purpose metal casks before disposal is being pursued for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high level waste (HLW) management. The initially planned and established dry interim storage license duration of up to 40 years will be too short and its exten-sion will become necessary since there is no repository available in due time. The main safety relevant components are the thick-walled dual purpose metal casks. These casks consist e.g. of a monolithic cask body with integrated neutron shielding components (polymers, e.g. polyethylene) and a monitored double lid barrier system equipped with metal and elastomer seals. The metal seals of this bolted closure system guarantee the requiredThe long time-frame of the necessary safe enclosure of radioactive waste in containers gains interna-tionally an increasing attention. As well extended storage periods as a usually necessary subsequent transportation after storage have to be evaluated. In Germany, the concept of dry interim storage in dual purpose metal casks before disposal is being pursued for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high level waste (HLW) management. The initially planned and established dry interim storage license duration of up to 40 years will be too short and its exten-sion will become necessary since there is no repository available in due time. The main safety relevant components are the thick-walled dual purpose metal casks. These casks consist e.g. of a monolithic cask body with integrated neutron shielding components (polymers, e.g. polyethylene) and a monitored double lid barrier system equipped with metal and elastomer seals. The metal seals of this bolted closure system guarantee the required leak-tightness whereas the elastomer seals allow for leakage rate measurement of the metal seals. At BAM we focus on the long-term performance of the sealing system and neutron shielding materials as their application conditions have to be concerned as rather demanding. Therefore, BAM began to investigate the overall function and long-term behavior of elastomer and metal seals and also the irradiation influence on neutron shielding materials. Recently a new project was initiated to expand our investigations to get more and in some context better applicable data. This paper describes the approach of our new research project with the aim of further closure of existing knowledge gaps and presents an overview of investigations concerning the low temperature behavior of elastomer seals, of running long-term tests on elastomer seals at different temperatures under static conditions and the influence of gamma irradiation on neutron shielding materials.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Matthias Jaunich
Koautoren/innen:Anja Kömmling, Kerstin von der Ehe, Holger Völzke, Dietmar Wolff
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.4 Sicherheit von Lagerbehältern
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Angewandte Physik
Freie Schlagwörter:Aging; Elastomer seal; Irradiation; Neutron shielding
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Energie
Energie / Kerntechnische Entsorgung
Veranstaltung:18th International Symposium on the Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Materials (PATRAM) 2016
Veranstaltungsort:Kobe, Japan
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:18.09.2016
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:23.09.2016
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:28.09.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein