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Compatibility of polymers with aged heating oil containing 10 % and 20 % biodiesel under static conditions

  • Biodiesel is viewed as a major source of energy. In areas such as the European Un-ion, where 80 % of the oil-based fuel is imported, there is also the desire to reduce dependence on external oil supplies. Materials compatibility is a major concern whenever the fuel composition is changed. The question arises of whether polymeric materials are resistant to heating oil with 20 % biodiesel (B20) in comparison to pure heating oil. The polarity of biodiesel increases its solvency and facilitates permeation and extrac-tion. Solvation, swelling and/or extraction lead to changes in the physical properties. Extraction alters the fuel chemistry. These chemical changes could also accelerate the degradation (hydrolysis and oxidation) of the polymeric material with the loss of additives and stabilizers. Exposure tests to determine the resistance of polymers frequently used for compo-nents in middle distillate facilities, such as ACM, FKM, HNBR, PA, PE, POM, PUR and PVC in heating oil and aBiodiesel is viewed as a major source of energy. In areas such as the European Un-ion, where 80 % of the oil-based fuel is imported, there is also the desire to reduce dependence on external oil supplies. Materials compatibility is a major concern whenever the fuel composition is changed. The question arises of whether polymeric materials are resistant to heating oil with 20 % biodiesel (B20) in comparison to pure heating oil. The polarity of biodiesel increases its solvency and facilitates permeation and extrac-tion. Solvation, swelling and/or extraction lead to changes in the physical properties. Extraction alters the fuel chemistry. These chemical changes could also accelerate the degradation (hydrolysis and oxidation) of the polymeric material with the loss of additives and stabilizers. Exposure tests to determine the resistance of polymers frequently used for compo-nents in middle distillate facilities, such as ACM, FKM, HNBR, PA, PE, POM, PUR and PVC in heating oil and a blend of heating oil and 20 % biodiesel (B20) were al-ready performed. The objective of this research was to determine the resistance of these polymers in 8-year aged heating oil blend B10 and 1-year aged blend B20 at 40 °C. Mass, tensile strength, breaking elongation and Shore hardness A (D) of the test specimens were determined before and after exposure for 84 (42) days in the test fuels under static conditions. There is not determined a threshold for the reduction in tensile properties and Shore hardness in the international standards. Therefore, a threshold of 15 % was deter-mined for the evaluation of the compatibility. A significant reduction in Shore hardness was determined after exposure of ACM and PUR test specimens in 1-year aged B20. The tensile strength of PUR test specimens in 1-year aged B20 was reduced by more than 50 %, and the breaking elongation by more than 30 %. A decrease in breaking elongation was measured for POM test specimens after ex-posure to 1-year aged B20 by 25 % (limited resistance). 8-year aged B10 had a stronger effect than 1-year aged B20 on the polymers. ACM test specimens were softened by B10 resulting in a drop of Shore hardness by over 20 %. B10 reduced tensile strength and breaking elongation of PUR test specimens by over 50 %. In contrast, the breaking elongation of POM was increased by over 270 %. It can be concluded that the polymers HNBR, FKM, PA6, PE and PVC are resistant in 1-year aged B20 whereas ACM and POM are limited resistant. PUR is not re-sistant. HNBR, FKM, PA6, PE and PVC are resistant in 8-year aged B10, whereas PUR and POM are not resistant, and ACM just limited resistant.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Margit Weltschev
Koautoren/innen:S. Pötzsch, Ralph Bäßler
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2020
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.2 Gefahrguttanks und Unfallmechanik
7 Bauwerkssicherheit
7 Bauwerkssicherheit / 7.6 Korrosion und Korrosionsschutz
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurbau
Freie Schlagwörter:Aged heating oil with 10% and 20% biodiesel; Resistance of polymers; Shore hardness; Tensile properties
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Infrastruktur
Infrastruktur / Transport und Lagerung von Gefahrstoffen und -gütern
Material
Material / Degradation von Werkstoffen und Materialien
Veranstaltung:EUROCORR 2020
Veranstaltungsort:Online meeting
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:07.09.2020
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:11.09.2020
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:16.09.2020
Referierte Publikation:Nein