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Rigid Amorphous Phase in Epoxy-based Nanocomposites as Revealed by Dielectric Spectroscopy and Fast Scanning Calorimetry

  • For inorganic/polymer nanocomposites a so-called Rigid Amorphous Phase (RAF) is formed in the interfacial region by adsorption of polymer segments onto the nanoparticles. The segmental dynamics of RAF is expected to be altered, as compared to the pure matrix, which might percolate to the entire system, affecting the overall nanocomposite properties. A combination of two relaxation spectroscopy techniques (Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy (BDS) and Temperature Modulated DSC (TMDSC)) as well as Fast Scanning Calorimetry (FSC) was employed to investigate the structure and molecular mobility of nanocomposites based on Epoxy and Layered Doubled Hydroxides with different nanoparticle content. First, BDS investigations proved the existence of a process, which is present only for nanocomposites, assigned to the dynamics of polymer segments within RAF. Second, the amount of RAF was quantified by analyzing the change of specific heat capacity step of nanocomposites, comparing to the pureFor inorganic/polymer nanocomposites a so-called Rigid Amorphous Phase (RAF) is formed in the interfacial region by adsorption of polymer segments onto the nanoparticles. The segmental dynamics of RAF is expected to be altered, as compared to the pure matrix, which might percolate to the entire system, affecting the overall nanocomposite properties. A combination of two relaxation spectroscopy techniques (Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy (BDS) and Temperature Modulated DSC (TMDSC)) as well as Fast Scanning Calorimetry (FSC) was employed to investigate the structure and molecular mobility of nanocomposites based on Epoxy and Layered Doubled Hydroxides with different nanoparticle content. First, BDS investigations proved the existence of a process, which is present only for nanocomposites, assigned to the dynamics of polymer segments within RAF. Second, the amount of RAF was quantified by analyzing the change of specific heat capacity step of nanocomposites, comparing to the pure material. Thirdly, the glass transition of nanocomposites was studied with FSC, applying high heating rates (0.5-10 kK/s). Considering that all techniques probe essentially the same molecular process, an activation plot was constructed, delivering a complete picture of the molecular mobility and structure of the polymer nanocomposites including RAF.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Paulina Szymoniak
Koautoren/innen:Andreas Schönhals
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:6 Materialschutz und Oberflächentechnik
6 Materialschutz und Oberflächentechnik / 6.6 Nano-Tribologie und Nanostrukturierung von Oberflächen
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Nanocomposites; Rigid amorphous fraction
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
Veranstaltung:DPG-Frühjahrstagung 2019
Veranstaltungsort:Regensburg, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:01.04.2019
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:04.04.2019
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:11.04.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein