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Temperature Dependent Solid Solution Strengthening in the High Entropy Alloy CrMnFeCoNi in Single Crystalline State

  • The main difference between high entropy alloys and conventional alloys is the solid solution strengthening effect, which shifts from a single element to a multi-element matrix. Little is known about the effectiveness of this effect at high temperatures. Face-centered cubic, equiatomic, and single crystalline high entropy alloy CrMnFeCoNi was pre-alloyed by arc-melting and cast as a single Crystal using the Bridgman process. Mechanical characterization by creep testing were performed at temperatures of 700, 980, 1100, and 1200°C at different loads under vacuum and compared to single-crystalline pure nickel. The results allow a direct assessment of the influence of the chemical composition without any disturbance by grain boundary sliding or diffusion. The results indicate different behaviors of single crystalline pure nickel and CrMnFeCoNi. At 700°C CrMnFeCoNi is more creep-resistant than Ni, but at 980°C both alloys show a nearly similar creep strength. Above 980°C the creep behaviorThe main difference between high entropy alloys and conventional alloys is the solid solution strengthening effect, which shifts from a single element to a multi-element matrix. Little is known about the effectiveness of this effect at high temperatures. Face-centered cubic, equiatomic, and single crystalline high entropy alloy CrMnFeCoNi was pre-alloyed by arc-melting and cast as a single Crystal using the Bridgman process. Mechanical characterization by creep testing were performed at temperatures of 700, 980, 1100, and 1200°C at different loads under vacuum and compared to single-crystalline pure nickel. The results allow a direct assessment of the influence of the chemical composition without any disturbance by grain boundary sliding or diffusion. The results indicate different behaviors of single crystalline pure nickel and CrMnFeCoNi. At 700°C CrMnFeCoNi is more creep-resistant than Ni, but at 980°C both alloys show a nearly similar creep strength. Above 980°C the creep behavior is identical and the solid solution strengthening effect of the CrMnFeCoNi alloy disappears.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:C. Gadelmeier, S. Haas, T. Lienig, Anna Manzoni, M. Feuerbacher, U. Glatzel
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Metals
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2020
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.1 Materialographie, Fraktographie und Alterung technischer Werkstoffe
Veröffentlichende Institution:Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Verlag:MDPI
Jahrgang/Band:10
Ausgabe/Heft:11
Erste Seite:1412
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:High entropy alloys; Single crystal
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/met10111412
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:b43-514572
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei für die Öffentlichkeit verfügbar ("Open Access")
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International
Datum der Freischaltung:26.10.2020
Referierte Publikation:Nein
Schriftenreihen ohne Nummerierung:Wissenschaftliche Artikel der BAM