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Structural and Morphological Quantitative 3D Characterisation of Ammonium Nitrate Prills by X-ray Computed Tomography

  • The mixture of ammonium nitrate (AN) prills and fuel oil (FO), usually referred to as ANFO, is extensively used in the mining industry as a bulk explosive. One of the major performance predictors of ANFO mixtures is the fuel oil retention, which is itself governed by the complex pore structure of the AN prills. In this study, we present how X-ray computed tomography (XCT), and the associated advanced data processing workflow, can be used to fully characterise the structure and morphology of AN prills. We show that structural parameters such as volume fraction of the different phases and morphological parameters such as specific surface area and shape factor can be reliably extracted from the XCT data, and that there is a good agreement with the measured oil retention values. Importantly, oil retention measurements (qualifying the efficiency of ANFO as explosives) correlate well with the specific surface area determined by XCT. XCT can therefore be employed non-destructively; it canThe mixture of ammonium nitrate (AN) prills and fuel oil (FO), usually referred to as ANFO, is extensively used in the mining industry as a bulk explosive. One of the major performance predictors of ANFO mixtures is the fuel oil retention, which is itself governed by the complex pore structure of the AN prills. In this study, we present how X-ray computed tomography (XCT), and the associated advanced data processing workflow, can be used to fully characterise the structure and morphology of AN prills. We show that structural parameters such as volume fraction of the different phases and morphological parameters such as specific surface area and shape factor can be reliably extracted from the XCT data, and that there is a good agreement with the measured oil retention values. Importantly, oil retention measurements (qualifying the efficiency of ANFO as explosives) correlate well with the specific surface area determined by XCT. XCT can therefore be employed non-destructively; it can accurately evaluate and characterise porosity in ammonium nitrate prills, and even predict their efficiency.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Fabien Léonard, Zhen Zhang, Holger Krebs, Giovanni Bruno
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Materials, Special Issue "Micro Non-Destructive Testing and Evaluation"
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2020
Organisationseinheit der BAM:2 Chemische Sicherheitstechnik
8 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung
8 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung / 8.5 Mikro-ZfP
2 Chemische Sicherheitstechnik / 2.5 Konformitätsbewertung Explosivstoffe/Pyrotechnik
Veröffentlichende Institution:Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Verlag:MDPI
Jahrgang/Band:13
Ausgabe/Heft:5
Erste Seite:1230
DDC-Klassifikation:Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / Chemie / Analytische Chemie
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:ANFO; Data processing; Explosives; Porosity; Surface area; XCT
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
Analytical Sciences
Analytical Sciences / Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung und Spektroskopie
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13051230
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:b43-505395
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei für die Öffentlichkeit verfügbar ("Open Access")
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-ND - Namensnennung - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International
Datum der Freischaltung:11.03.2020
Referierte Publikation:Nein
Schriftenreihen ohne Nummerierung:Wissenschaftliche Artikel der BAM