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Geant4: A universal Monte-Carlo toolkit for Particle scattering simulations

  • Particle scattering simulations are an useful tool to plan experiments, design detectors, estimate doses in irradiated materials and medical treatment planning. Geant4 is a Monte-Carlo toolkit for the simulation of of particles scattering in matter. Photons, electrons, ions etc can be simulated with energies in the eV to GeV range. Their interactions with matter in arbitrary scattering geometries be studied. Scattering models, cross sections and material parameters can be set to cover interactions in gas, liquid and solid state. The import of geometries from computer aided design files or the protein data base is possible. It is currently being applied in high energy and nuclear physics, accelerator and detector design, space application, dosimetry and medical sciences. In this first part of the talk a brief overview over the structure, functionality and possible applications of Geant4 will be given. In the second part an example application will be presented: The determinationParticle scattering simulations are an useful tool to plan experiments, design detectors, estimate doses in irradiated materials and medical treatment planning. Geant4 is a Monte-Carlo toolkit for the simulation of of particles scattering in matter. Photons, electrons, ions etc can be simulated with energies in the eV to GeV range. Their interactions with matter in arbitrary scattering geometries be studied. Scattering models, cross sections and material parameters can be set to cover interactions in gas, liquid and solid state. The import of geometries from computer aided design files or the protein data base is possible. It is currently being applied in high energy and nuclear physics, accelerator and detector design, space application, dosimetry and medical sciences. In this first part of the talk a brief overview over the structure, functionality and possible applications of Geant4 will be given. In the second part an example application will be presented: The determination of the microscopic dose-damage relations in aqueous environment for electron irradiated plasmid DNA will be explained. Therefore, we combine electron scattering simulations in water with calculations concerning the movement of biomolecules to obtain the energy deposit in the biologically relevant nanoscopic volume. We present, how to combine these simulational results and experimental data via a generalized damage model to determine the microscopic dose-damage relation at a molecular level.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Marc Benjamin Hahn
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:6 Materialschutz und Oberflächentechnik
6 Materialschutz und Oberflächentechnik / 6.6 Nano-Tribologie und Nanostrukturierung von Oberflächen
DDC-Klassifikation:Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / Chemie / Analytische Chemie
Freie Schlagwörter:Computer simulation; DNA; Dosimetry; Electron irradiation; Geant4; Geant4-DNA; Microdosimetry; Monte-Carlo Simulation; Monte-Carlo Simulations; Radiation damage
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Analytical Sciences
Analytical Sciences / Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung und Spektroskopie
Veranstaltung:Department 6 Seminar
Veranstaltungsort:Berlin, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:04.04.2019
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:04.04.2019
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:17.04.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein