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Environmental screenings of bioactive compounds in wastewater using a novel multiplex suspension array fluorescence immunoassay

  • Monitoring water quality regarding emerging pollutants, such as drug residues, demands for selective, high-throughput and multi-target analytical methods. On the one hand, the influence of sewage on natural surface waters must be routinely monitored. On the other hand, estimation of removal efficiencies of pollutants, such as drug residues, is in the focus of industrial and public wastewater treatment. Immunoassays, such as ELISA, offer the possibility to be highly sensitive and selective due to the high target affinity and specificity of target recognition by antibodies. Batch-wise processing in microtiter plates allows for the necessary high-throughput, but only a single analyte can be determined within one measurement. To overcome these disadvantages, we developed a four-plex Suspension Array Fluorescence Immunoassay (SAFIA), which is adaptable for the microtiter plate format. The modular and self-prepared bead support consists of polystyrene-core silica-shell microparticles. WhileMonitoring water quality regarding emerging pollutants, such as drug residues, demands for selective, high-throughput and multi-target analytical methods. On the one hand, the influence of sewage on natural surface waters must be routinely monitored. On the other hand, estimation of removal efficiencies of pollutants, such as drug residues, is in the focus of industrial and public wastewater treatment. Immunoassays, such as ELISA, offer the possibility to be highly sensitive and selective due to the high target affinity and specificity of target recognition by antibodies. Batch-wise processing in microtiter plates allows for the necessary high-throughput, but only a single analyte can be determined within one measurement. To overcome these disadvantages, we developed a four-plex Suspension Array Fluorescence Immunoassay (SAFIA), which is adaptable for the microtiter plate format. The modular and self-prepared bead support consists of polystyrene-core silica-shell microparticles. While the polystyrene core is used for encoding, by introducing different amounts of fluorescent dyes, the silica shell creates a solid-support for the immunoassay: the target analytes, three drugs, carbamazepine, diclofenac and caffeine, and the fecal marker isolithocholic acid are covalently coupled to amino groups on the surface via NHS chemistry. Specific recognition of these haptens is accomplished by further introduction of PEG moieties, suppressing non-specific binding. A competitive immunoassay is subsequently conducted in a simple mix-and-read procedure, eliminating the demand for laborious washing steps and decreasing time-to-result. An automated flow cytometer is used for simultaneous decoding and quantification. After optimization, the SAFIA showed limits of detection for all analytes in the low µg L 1 range, meeting the sensitivity criteria for wastewater analysis. Then, applicability of the SAFIA was studied on real wastewater samples from three different wastewater treatment plants in Berlin. The results were in good comparability to LC-MS/MS indicating high matrix stability. Moreover, the accuracy of the assay exceeded that of the respective ELISA. Finally, we used SAFIA to assess the influent of treated and untreated wastewater on the Douro river estuary in Portugal. The obtained results of the analysis were comparable to ELISA. However, the measurements by SAFIA could be carried out in one quarter the time of analysis required for ELISA. Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge financial support from Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst and from Fundação das Universidades Portuguesas under the protocol CRUP-DAAD (Ações Integradas Luso-Alemãs nºE-20/16, DAAD Zuwendungsvertrag 57212899).zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Peter Carl
Koautoren/innen:Dominik Sarma, Inês I. Ramos, Ana Machado, Andreas Lehmann, Kristin Hoffmann, Knut Rurack, Marcela A. Segundo, Adriano A. Bordalo, Rudolf J. Schneider
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2018
Organisationseinheit der BAM:1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.8 Umweltanalytik
DDC-Klassifikation:Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / Chemie / Analytische Chemie
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Anthropogenic markers; Bead-based assay; Emerging pollutants; Fluoresence; Suspension array
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltschadstoffe
Analytical Sciences
Analytical Sciences / Sensorik
Veranstaltung:ANALÍTICA – 2018
Veranstaltungsort:Porto, Portugal
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:26.03.2018
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:27.03.2018
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:28.03.2018
Referierte Publikation:Nein