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Effects of colloidal particles on the results and reproducibility of batch leaching tests for heavy metal-contaminated soil

  • A simple batch test leaching procedure is used in many countries, as a compliance test, to evaluate the leaching of mainly inorganic substances from soil. However, agitating certain types of soil and then passing the solution through a membrane filter with 0.45-µm pores yields filtrates that have been colored by the colloidal particles. These colloids might affect the results of the inorganic substances obtained in the batch tests. In this study, we evaluated the effects of colloidal particles on the results and the reproducibility of batch tests on contaminated soil using different agitation methods and membrane filters with different pore sizes. The leaching behaviors of As, Pb, Se, F and Cl from three types of soil were studied. The As and Pb concentrations in the leachates of some types of soil were clearly affected by the amount of colloidal particles with a diameter of 0.10–0.45 µm and by the agitation method used. This was probably because As and Pb were present mainly inA simple batch test leaching procedure is used in many countries, as a compliance test, to evaluate the leaching of mainly inorganic substances from soil. However, agitating certain types of soil and then passing the solution through a membrane filter with 0.45-µm pores yields filtrates that have been colored by the colloidal particles. These colloids might affect the results of the inorganic substances obtained in the batch tests. In this study, we evaluated the effects of colloidal particles on the results and the reproducibility of batch tests on contaminated soil using different agitation methods and membrane filters with different pore sizes. The leaching behaviors of As, Pb, Se, F and Cl from three types of soil were studied. The As and Pb concentrations in the leachates of some types of soil were clearly affected by the amount of colloidal particles with a diameter of 0.10–0.45 µm and by the agitation method used. This was probably because As and Pb were present mainly in the particulate form in the leachate that had been passed through a membrane filter with 0.45-µm pores. This is not the case for every type of soil. The results of batch leaching tests showed that not only dissolved but also colloidal forms with a diameter of 0.10–0.45 µm might be included and that the existence of colloidal particles in the leachate decreases the batch leaching test reproducibility.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:T. Yasutaka, Y. Imoto, A. Kurosawa, M. Someya, K. Higashino, Ute Kalbe, H. Sakanakura
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Soils and Foundations
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.3 Schadstofftransfer und Umwelttechnologien
Veröffentlichende Institution:Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Verlag:Elsevier B.V.
Jahrgang/Band:57
Ausgabe/Heft:5
Erste Seite:861
Letzte Seite:871
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Colloids; Contaminated soil; Heavy metals; Leaching
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltschadstoffe
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sandf.2017.08.014
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:b43-429940
URL:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038080617301166#!
URL:http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=Alerting&SrcApp=Alerting&DestApp=WOS&DestLinkType=FullRecord;UT=WOS:000416721100015
ISSN:0038-0806
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF für die Öffentlichkeit verfügbar ("Open Access")
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung
Datum der Freischaltung:21.11.2017
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:14.12.2017
Schriftenreihen ohne Nummerierung:Wissenschaftliche Artikel der BAM