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A wash-free, multiplex microbead assay for determination of emerging bioactive compounds in wastewater

  • Pollutants of low molecular weight, such as drug residues, are in the focus of water quality assessment: some of them, like carbamazepine are only partially degraded in wastewater treatment plants. Thus, these pollutants can serve as marker substances for elimination efficiencies. Monitoring water quality demands for selective, high-throughput and multi-target analytical methods. Immunoassays, such as ELISA, offer the possibility to be highly sensitive and selective due to the specific recognition by high affinity of target molecules to antibodies (Abs). Batch-wise processing in microtiter plates allows for the necessary high-throughput, however only a single analyte can be determined within one measurement. To overcome these disadvantages, we developed a four-plex microbead-based flow cytometric assay, which is adaptable for the microtiter plate format. The modular and self-prepared bead support consists of polystyrene-core/silica-shell particles. While, the polystyrene core is usedPollutants of low molecular weight, such as drug residues, are in the focus of water quality assessment: some of them, like carbamazepine are only partially degraded in wastewater treatment plants. Thus, these pollutants can serve as marker substances for elimination efficiencies. Monitoring water quality demands for selective, high-throughput and multi-target analytical methods. Immunoassays, such as ELISA, offer the possibility to be highly sensitive and selective due to the specific recognition by high affinity of target molecules to antibodies (Abs). Batch-wise processing in microtiter plates allows for the necessary high-throughput, however only a single analyte can be determined within one measurement. To overcome these disadvantages, we developed a four-plex microbead-based flow cytometric assay, which is adaptable for the microtiter plate format. The modular and self-prepared bead support consists of polystyrene-core/silica-shell particles. While, the polystyrene core is used for encoding, by introducing different amounts of fluorescent dyes, the silica shell creates a solid support for the immunoassay: The target analytes, three drugs, carbamazepine, diclofenac and caffeine and the fecal marker isolithocholic acid are coupled covalently to the surface via NHS chemistry to amino groups on the surface. For determination of the pollutants, a mixture of specific Abs is incubated with the samples, to bind competitively on the “anchor” molecules on the surface of the beads or the analyte in solution. Bound antibodies are then visualized via fluorescent dye-labelled secondary Abs. Flow-cytometry allows for decoding of the beads and signal read-out, without washing the system. In order to decrease non-specific binding, we investigated different types of surface modifications, finding, that a PEG-based surface is suitable to support our immunoassay format. For maximum sensitivity, a design-of-experiment approach was chosen for optimization of the assay parameters. The resulting immunoassay is appropriate to quantify the pollutants in the low μg/L-range.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Peter Carl, Rudolf J. Schneider
Koautoren/innen:Dominik Sarma, Knut Rurack
Dokumenttyp:Posterpräsentation
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.8 Umweltanalytik
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.9 Chemische und optische Sensorik
DDC-Klassifikation:Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / Chemie / Analytische Chemie
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Bead-based assay; Flow-cytometry; Immunoassay
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltschadstoffe
Analytical Sciences
Analytical Sciences / Sensorik
Veranstaltung:EBS 2017
Veranstaltungsort:Potsdam, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:20.03.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:23.03.2017
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:24.03.2017
Referierte Publikation:Nein