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Column percolation test for contaminated soils: Key factors for standardization

  • Column percolation tests may be suitable for prediction of chemical leaching from soil and soil materials. However, compared with batch leaching tests, they are time-consuming. It is therefore important to investigate ways to shorten the tests without affecting the quality of results. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of decreasing testing time by increasing flow rate and decreasing equilibration time compared to the conditions specified in ISO/TS 21268-3, with equilibration periods of 48 h and flow rate of 12 mL/h. We tested three equilibration periods (0, 12–16, and 48 h) and two flow rates (12 and 36 mL/h)on four different soils and compared the inorganic constituent releases. For soils A and D, we observed similar values for all conditions except for the 0 h–36 mL/h case. For soil B, we observed no appreciable differences between the tested conditions, while for soil C there were no consistent trends probably due to the difference in ongoing oxidation reactions betweenColumn percolation tests may be suitable for prediction of chemical leaching from soil and soil materials. However, compared with batch leaching tests, they are time-consuming. It is therefore important to investigate ways to shorten the tests without affecting the quality of results. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of decreasing testing time by increasing flow rate and decreasing equilibration time compared to the conditions specified in ISO/TS 21268-3, with equilibration periods of 48 h and flow rate of 12 mL/h. We tested three equilibration periods (0, 12–16, and 48 h) and two flow rates (12 and 36 mL/h)on four different soils and compared the inorganic constituent releases. For soils A and D, we observed similar values for all conditions except for the 0 h–36 mL/h case. For soil B, we observed no appreciable differences between the tested conditions, while for soil C there were no consistent trends probably due to the difference in ongoing oxidation reactions between soil samples. These results suggest that column percolation tests can be shortened from 20 to 30 days to 7–9 days by decreasing the equilibration time to 12–16 h and increasing the flow rate to 36 mL/h for inorganic substances.zeige mehrzeige weniger
Metadaten
Autoren/innen:A. Naka, T. Yasutaka, H. Sakanakura, Ute Kalbe, Y. Watanabe, S. Inoba, M. Takeo, T. Inui, T. Katsumi, T. Fujikawa, K. Sato, K. Higashinog, M. Someyaga
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Deutsch):Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.3 Schadstofftransfer und Umwelttechnologien
Veröffentlichende Institution:Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Verlag:Elsevier B.V.
Jahrgang/Band:320
Erste Seite:326
Letzte Seite:340
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Column percolation; Contaminated soils
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltschadstoffe
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.08.046
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:b43-372038
URL:http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=Alerting&SrcApp=Alerting&DestApp=WOS&DestLinkType=FullRecord;UT=WOS:000385600700035
ISSN:0304-3894
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei für die Öffentlichkeit verfügbar ("Open Access")
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung
Datum der Freischaltung:25.08.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:10.11.2016
Schriftenreihen ohne Nummerierung:Wissenschaftliche Artikel der BAM