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Analysis of microplastics in environmental samples using TED-GC-MS

  • The presence of plastic debris and especially small plastic particles in marine ecosystems has been recognized in the 1970`s. Since then various other environmental systems all over the world, like rivers, lakes and biota have been found to be polluted by plastics. Lately, agriculturally used land, waste-water treatment and biogas facilities come into focus as possibly relevant distribution vectors. To monitor the situation and investigate distribution pathways, the need for fast and reliable analytical procedures is high. Up to now, there is no standard procedure for sampling, concentrating and analyzing plastic particles in environmental samples. Our group recently reported the development of a new analyzing method for microscale plastic particles, thermal extraction desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry (TED-GC-MS). This method consists of thermal extraction of the sample via thermogravimetric analysis, collection of the evolved gaseous decomposition products on aThe presence of plastic debris and especially small plastic particles in marine ecosystems has been recognized in the 1970`s. Since then various other environmental systems all over the world, like rivers, lakes and biota have been found to be polluted by plastics. Lately, agriculturally used land, waste-water treatment and biogas facilities come into focus as possibly relevant distribution vectors. To monitor the situation and investigate distribution pathways, the need for fast and reliable analytical procedures is high. Up to now, there is no standard procedure for sampling, concentrating and analyzing plastic particles in environmental samples. Our group recently reported the development of a new analyzing method for microscale plastic particles, thermal extraction desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry (TED-GC-MS). This method consists of thermal extraction of the sample via thermogravimetric analysis, collection of the evolved gaseous decomposition products on a solid-phase adsorber and analysis of the loaded adsorber using Thermal-Desorption-GC-MS. This technique utilizes the characteristic decomposition products of polymers for identification and even quantification of plastics in environmental samples. In the present work we investigated samples of fermentation residues taken from a biogas plant. The results of sample preparation, concentration and analysis are presented as well as a comparison with alternative methods.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Paul Eisentraut
Koautoren/innen:Ulrike Braun, Erik Dümichen, Luba Korop, Anne-Kathrin Barthel, Claus Gerhard Bannick
Dokumenttyp:Posterpräsentation
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.3 Mechanik der Polymerwerkstoffe
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Microplastic
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Veranstaltung:MoDeSt 2016
Veranstaltungsort:Cracow, Poland
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:04.09.2016
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:08.09.2016
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:13.10.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein