• Treffer 3 von 135
Zurück zur Trefferliste

Development of ceramic helical springs for sensor applications

  • At high temperatures and in harsh environments ceramic springs are often superior to metallic ones and allow for innovative solutions. A further application was proposed by using ceramic springs as capacitive force sensor. Lower and upper coil surfaces are coated by electrically conducting layers. Deformation of such spring results in a change of capacity. Sensor application calls for helical springs with rectangular cross-section, a linear stress-strain characteristic over entire deformation range and low manufacturing tolerances relating to inner and outer diameter, coil cross section and spring pitch. Furthermore, complex spring design with integrated connecting elements has to be realized. Alumina, zirconia (Y-TZP) and silicon nitride springs were produced by hard machining starting from sintered hollow cylinders. After external and internal cylindrical grinding the hollow cylinders were filled with hard wax, followed by multi-stage cutting of spring coils with custom-made cuttingAt high temperatures and in harsh environments ceramic springs are often superior to metallic ones and allow for innovative solutions. A further application was proposed by using ceramic springs as capacitive force sensor. Lower and upper coil surfaces are coated by electrically conducting layers. Deformation of such spring results in a change of capacity. Sensor application calls for helical springs with rectangular cross-section, a linear stress-strain characteristic over entire deformation range and low manufacturing tolerances relating to inner and outer diameter, coil cross section and spring pitch. Furthermore, complex spring design with integrated connecting elements has to be realized. Alumina, zirconia (Y-TZP) and silicon nitride springs were produced by hard machining starting from sintered hollow cylinders. After external and internal cylindrical grinding the hollow cylinders were filled with hard wax, followed by multi-stage cutting of spring coils with custom-made cutting discs. Finally, hard wax was removed by melting and burnout. Best surface and edge qualities of springs were reached using Y-TZP material and hot isostatic pressed alumina. Y-TZP springs produced with material-specifically selected cutting discs and optimized process parameters show sharp coil edges without spallings and mean roughness values of inner surfaces < 0.2 μm. Manufacturing tolerances of spring diameters, spring pitch, height and width of coil cross section are in the range of ± 10 microns. Good reproducibility of spring geometry by optimized hard machining technology allows for production of Y-TZP springs with spring constants differing less than ± 1 % within a series. According to DIN 2090 spring constant for rectangular coil cross section is proportional to the square of height and width of coil cross section and indirectly proportional to number of active coils and to the cube of the mean spring diameter. Hence, spring constants can be tailored over a range of many orders of magnitude by changing the spring dimensions. Good agreement was reached between calculated target spring constants and measured values on produced springs. Alumina and zirconia springs were characterized relating to deformation behavior under dynamic compression load with various deformation speeds and under static tensile loads over long periods of time. Contrary to alumina springs, a non-linear stress-strain behavior of TZP springs was proved in both test series. It is supposed, that pseudoelasticity caused by stress-induced transformation of tetragonal to monoclinic phase is responsible for this special feature of TZP springs. Therefore, TZP material cannot be used for capacitive spring sensors.zeige mehrzeige weniger

Volltext Dateien herunterladen

  • Rabe_ECERS_Turin_spring.pdf
    eng

Metadaten exportieren

Weitere Dienste

Teilen auf Twitter Suche bei Google Scholar
Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Torsten Rabe
Koautoren/innen:Bärbel Schulz, C. Paulick
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.5 Technische Keramik
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Ceramic spring; Failure test; Microstructure; Sensor; Spring constant
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
Veranstaltung:European Ceramic Society Conference (ECerS)
Veranstaltungsort:Torino, Italy
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:16.06.2019
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:20.06.2019
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:02.08.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein