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Local Corrosion of Martensitic Stainless Steels during Exposure to Saline Aquifer Water and CO2 Environment

  • Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is well acknowledged to mitigate climate change. Therefore, pipe Steels suitable for CCS technology require resistance against the corrosive environment of a potential CCS-site, e.g. heat, pressure, salinity of the aquifer, CO2-partial pressure. Samples of different mild and high alloyed stainless injection-pipe Steels partially heat treated: 42CrMo4, X20Cr13, X46Cr13, X35CrMo4 as well as X5CrNiCuNb16-4 were kept at T=60 °C and ambient pressure as well as p=100 bar for 700 h - 8000 h in a CO2-saturated synthetic aquifer environment similar to possible geological on-shore CCS-sites in the northern German Basin. Main corrosion products analysed on pits are FeCO3 and FeOOH. The carbon content does not show significant influence on the pitting behaviour. Generally, higher chromium Content results in better corrosion resistance. Although X35CrMo17-1 and X5CrNiCuNb16-4 show low surface corrosion rates, their resistance against local corrosion in CCSCarbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is well acknowledged to mitigate climate change. Therefore, pipe Steels suitable for CCS technology require resistance against the corrosive environment of a potential CCS-site, e.g. heat, pressure, salinity of the aquifer, CO2-partial pressure. Samples of different mild and high alloyed stainless injection-pipe Steels partially heat treated: 42CrMo4, X20Cr13, X46Cr13, X35CrMo4 as well as X5CrNiCuNb16-4 were kept at T=60 °C and ambient pressure as well as p=100 bar for 700 h - 8000 h in a CO2-saturated synthetic aquifer environment similar to possible geological on-shore CCS-sites in the northern German Basin. Main corrosion products analysed on pits are FeCO3 and FeOOH. The carbon content does not show significant influence on the pitting behaviour. Generally, higher chromium Content results in better corrosion resistance. Although X35CrMo17-1 and X5CrNiCuNb16-4 show low surface corrosion rates, their resistance against local corrosion in CCS environment is not significantly better compared to the much less costly Steels X20Cr13 and X46Cr13.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Anja Pfennig, Axel Kranzmann
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):International journal of chemical engineering and applications : IJCEA
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2018
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.1 Materialographie, Fraktographie und Alterung technischer Werkstoffe
Verlag:International Association of Computer Science and Information Technology Press
Verlagsort:Singapore
Jahrgang/Band:9
Erste Seite:26
Letzte Seite:31
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Aquifer; CCS; Carbon storage; Corrosion; Heat treatment
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
DOI:https://doi.org/10.18178/ijcea.2018.9.1.694
ISSN:2010-0221
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:19.11.2018
Referierte Publikation:Nein