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Crack propagation in polymers: Separation of surface energy and irreversible deformation energy

  • Fiber-reinforced-polymers (FRPs) are in current research focus in the lightweight construction industry, because of their extraordinary characteristics (stiffness and strength-to-density relation). The structure of polymer matrix and the interaction with reinforcement are crucial for optimization of the mechanical and thermal properties of FRPs. Due to the macromolecular chain structure, the mechanical properties of a polymer strongly vary with temperature: Below the glass transition, the chain segments of a polymer are “frozen”. Regarding fracture, the total changed energy during fracture if only dissipates for the generation of the new surfaces. However, in the region of the glass transition, the polymer chain segments start to get “unfrozen”, and the energy is not only required for generating new surfaces, but also for irreversibly deformation. This irreversible deformation is affected by the global temperature and the local temperature near the crack tip, which is affected by theFiber-reinforced-polymers (FRPs) are in current research focus in the lightweight construction industry, because of their extraordinary characteristics (stiffness and strength-to-density relation). The structure of polymer matrix and the interaction with reinforcement are crucial for optimization of the mechanical and thermal properties of FRPs. Due to the macromolecular chain structure, the mechanical properties of a polymer strongly vary with temperature: Below the glass transition, the chain segments of a polymer are “frozen”. Regarding fracture, the total changed energy during fracture if only dissipates for the generation of the new surfaces. However, in the region of the glass transition, the polymer chain segments start to get “unfrozen”, and the energy is not only required for generating new surfaces, but also for irreversibly deformation. This irreversible deformation is affected by the global temperature and the local temperature near the crack tip, which is affected by the local strain rate and crack propagation velocity. Hence, in this research project, the irreversible deformation of neat and reinforced polymers will be controlled by changing the global temperature as well as the local temperature. With using different fracture experiments, the amount of energy required for creating new surfaces and for the irreversible deformation will be separated. This poster is the summary of the first part of the whole project. In the first part, the basic crack propagation theory for neat polymers is established and the special fracture experiment sample is prepared and tested at room temperature. In addition, the fracture experiment at room temperature is validated numerically.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Wei Li
Dokumenttyp:Posterpräsentation
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.3 Mechanik der Polymerwerkstoffe
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Crack Propagation; Polymer
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
Veranstaltung:PhD Day 2019 of BAM
Veranstaltungsort:Berlin, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:22.05.2019
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:16.07.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein