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Microstructure of bare and sol-gel alumina-coated nickel-base alloy Inconel 625 after long-term oxidation at 900 °C

  • Though Ni-base superalloys show a high oxidation and corrosion resistance, coatings could still improve these properties, especially if used at temperatures up to 1000 °C. Here, a coating was prepared by applying a boehmite-sol via dip-coating and a subsequent heat treatment at 600 °C for 30 minutes. To evaluate the coating, the oxidation behavior of bare and alumina coated Ni-base alloy Inconel 625 in air at 900 °C was studied for up to 2000 h. Electron microscopic studies of sample surfaces and cross-sections showed that (i) in the 3.5 µm – 6.3 mm thick scale formed on the bare alloy, Fe and Ni are located as fine precipitates at the grain boundaries of the chromia-rich scale, (ii) Ni and Ti are concentrated to a minor degree at the grain boundaries of the scale, too; and for the coated sample: (iii) the only 1.8 µm thick sol-gel alumina coating slows down the formation of chromia on the alloy surface and reduces the outward diffusion of the alloy constituents. The protective effectThough Ni-base superalloys show a high oxidation and corrosion resistance, coatings could still improve these properties, especially if used at temperatures up to 1000 °C. Here, a coating was prepared by applying a boehmite-sol via dip-coating and a subsequent heat treatment at 600 °C for 30 minutes. To evaluate the coating, the oxidation behavior of bare and alumina coated Ni-base alloy Inconel 625 in air at 900 °C was studied for up to 2000 h. Electron microscopic studies of sample surfaces and cross-sections showed that (i) in the 3.5 µm – 6.3 mm thick scale formed on the bare alloy, Fe and Ni are located as fine precipitates at the grain boundaries of the chromia-rich scale, (ii) Ni and Ti are concentrated to a minor degree at the grain boundaries of the scale, too; and for the coated sample: (iii) the only 1.8 µm thick sol-gel alumina coating slows down the formation of chromia on the alloy surface and reduces the outward diffusion of the alloy constituents. The protective effect of the coating was evidenced by (i) diminished chromium diffusion at grain boundaries resulting in less pronounced string-like protrusions at the outer surface of the coated IN 625, (ii) formation of a Cr-enriched zone above the alloy surface which was thinner than the scale on the uncoated sample, (iii) no detectable Cr-depleted zone at the alloy surface, and (iv) a narrower zone of formation of Kirkendall pores.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Marianne Nofz, Ilona Dörfel, Regine Sojref, Romeo Saliwan Neumann
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Oxidation of Metals
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.1 Materialographie, Fraktographie und Alterung technischer Werkstoffe
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.6 Glas
Verlag:Springer Science+Business Media
Jahrgang/Band:91
Ausgabe/Heft:3-4
Erste Seite:395
Letzte Seite:416
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:High-temperature oxidation; Inconel 625; Oxidation protection; Sol-gel coating
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Degradation von Werkstoffen und Materialien
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11085-019-09888-z
URL:http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=Alerting&SrcApp=Alerting&DestApp=WOS_CPL&DestLinkType=FullRecord&UT=WOS:000462647800010
ISSN:0030-770X
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:29.03.2019
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:15.04.2019