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Advanced spray drying process by controlled slurry destabilization and ultrasonic atomization

  • Spray drying of ceramic slurries aims for soft and free-flowing granules with homogenous microstructure suitable for uniaxial and isostatic pressing. A stable and continuous spray drying process of slurries with maximized solids content is a further development target, since a reduction of the energy intensive drying procedure is desirable. First part of the investigation focuses on the development of an appropriate zirconia slurry for spray drying with optimized organic additive contents (dispersant + binder + pressing and lubricating agents). Characterization and improvement of slurries are based on zeta potential measurements and investigations of the sedimentation behavior in an optical centrifuge. Therefor the slurries were spray dried with a conventional spray dryer with a two stream nozzle run in fountain mode. The controlled destabilization of the slurries was introduced, since the unwanted formation of hard granules with donut-like shape could be circumvented. Spray drying ofSpray drying of ceramic slurries aims for soft and free-flowing granules with homogenous microstructure suitable for uniaxial and isostatic pressing. A stable and continuous spray drying process of slurries with maximized solids content is a further development target, since a reduction of the energy intensive drying procedure is desirable. First part of the investigation focuses on the development of an appropriate zirconia slurry for spray drying with optimized organic additive contents (dispersant + binder + pressing and lubricating agents). Characterization and improvement of slurries are based on zeta potential measurements and investigations of the sedimentation behavior in an optical centrifuge. Therefor the slurries were spray dried with a conventional spray dryer with a two stream nozzle run in fountain mode. The controlled destabilization of the slurries was introduced, since the unwanted formation of hard granules with donut-like shape could be circumvented. Spray drying of such modified slurries resulted in soft granules without voids and finally leaded to sintered bodies with improved microstructure, density and bending strength. Expectedly, the destabilization process causes a significant increase in viscosity of the ceramic slurry. Hence, an alternative spraying concept utilizing an ultrasonic nozzle was tested. Indeed, the ultrasonic nozzle seems able to atomize slurries with viscosities beyond the capability of the regular two stream nozzles due to the slurry’s shear thinning behavior. In second part of the investigation the integration of the ultrasonic nozzle in a commercial spray dryer is shown and first results of the spraying tests are discussed. Continuous spraying processes of highly viscous alumina, zirconia and ZTA slurries were realized over an extended production period.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Patrick Höhne
Koautoren/innen:Petra Kuchenbecker, Franziska Lindemann, Wolfgang Güther, Torsten Rabe
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.5 Technische Keramik
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Ceramics; Destabilization; Granulation; Slurry; Spray drying; Ultrasound
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Veranstaltung:92. Jahrestagung der deutschen keramischen Gesellschaft
Veranstaltungsort:Berlin, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:20.03.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:22.03.2017
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:30.03.2017
Referierte Publikation:Nein