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Sintering and foaming of barium silicate glass powders

  • The manufacture of sintered glasses and glass-ceramics, glass Matrix composites and glass-bounded ceramics or pastes is often affected by gas bubble formation. Against this background, we studied sintering and foaming of barium silicate glass powders used as SOFC sealants using different powder milling scenarios. Sintering was measured by means of heating microscopy backed up by XPD, DTA, Vacuum Hot Extraction (VHE) and optical and electron microscopy. Foaming increased significantly as milling progressed. For moderately milled glass powders, subsequent storage in air could also promote foaming. Although the powder compacts were uniaxially pressed and sintered in air, the milling environment significantly affected foaming. The strength of this effect increased in the order Ar >> N2 < air < CO2. Conformingly, VHE studies revealed that the pores of aerated samples predominantly encapsulated CO2, even for powders milled in Ar and N2. Results of this study thus indicate that foaming isThe manufacture of sintered glasses and glass-ceramics, glass Matrix composites and glass-bounded ceramics or pastes is often affected by gas bubble formation. Against this background, we studied sintering and foaming of barium silicate glass powders used as SOFC sealants using different powder milling scenarios. Sintering was measured by means of heating microscopy backed up by XPD, DTA, Vacuum Hot Extraction (VHE) and optical and electron microscopy. Foaming increased significantly as milling progressed. For moderately milled glass powders, subsequent storage in air could also promote foaming. Although the powder compacts were uniaxially pressed and sintered in air, the milling environment significantly affected foaming. The strength of this effect increased in the order Ar >> N2 < air < CO2. Conformingly, VHE studies revealed that the pores of aerated samples predominantly encapsulated CO2, even for powders milled in Ar and N2. Results of this study thus indicate that foaming is caused by carbonaceous species trapped on the glass powder surface. Foaming could be substantially reduced by milling in water and 10 wt% HCl.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Ralf Müller
Koautoren/innen:Boris Agea Blanco, Stefan Reinsch
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Deutsch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.6 Glas
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Foaming; Gas bubble formation; Sintering
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
Veranstaltung:12th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology
Veranstaltungsort:Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:21.5.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:26.5.2017
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2018
Referierte Publikation:Nein