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Orientation dependent corrosion

  • Ferritic-martensitic Fe-Cr alloys are widely utilised as materials for high temperature applications such as super heater tubes in coal, biomass or co-fired power plants. Various corrosive gases are produced in combustion processes, but especially SO2 is known to cause catastrophic application failure. In order to understand the effect of orientation and grain size of the alloy on the initial corrosion processes we analysed metal coupons of Fe-Cr- alloys (2-13 wt. % Cr) by electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) before and after exposure to SO2 containing atmospheres in 650°C for short time spans (2 min – 12 h). An infra red heated furnace with integrated water-cooling was used for the ageing procedures to conduct short time experiments and to keep the reaction products in a ‘frozen’ state. EBSD characterization of oxides formed on the surface of the alloys showed a topotactic relationship between grain orientation of the alloys and the oxides. With increasing scaleFerritic-martensitic Fe-Cr alloys are widely utilised as materials for high temperature applications such as super heater tubes in coal, biomass or co-fired power plants. Various corrosive gases are produced in combustion processes, but especially SO2 is known to cause catastrophic application failure. In order to understand the effect of orientation and grain size of the alloy on the initial corrosion processes we analysed metal coupons of Fe-Cr- alloys (2-13 wt. % Cr) by electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) before and after exposure to SO2 containing atmospheres in 650°C for short time spans (2 min – 12 h). An infra red heated furnace with integrated water-cooling was used for the ageing procedures to conduct short time experiments and to keep the reaction products in a ‘frozen’ state. EBSD characterization of oxides formed on the surface of the alloys showed a topotactic relationship between grain orientation of the alloys and the oxides. With increasing scale thickness this relation diminishes possibly due to lattice strain. There appears to be no correlation between oxide growth and absolute, initial orientation, grain size, or the quality of polishing. An initially topotactic relationship between scale and steel had been already described for the formation of magnetite in hot steam environments, indicating that the initial corrosion mechanisms are mainly depending on the presence of Oxygen, and not changed by the presence of Sulphur. However, Sulphur is incorporated into the oxide scale in the low Cr alloy, and mainly observable in the inner corrosion zone for the higher alloyed material. Furthermore, oxides formed directly on grain boundaries in higher Cr alloyed materials are enriched in Cr compared to oxides on grain faces.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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  • Weber_Orientation-Dep-Corr.pdf
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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Kathrin Nützmann
Koautoren/innen:Martina Menneken, Leonardo Agudo Jacome, Christiane Stephan-Scherb
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2018
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.1 Materialographie, Fraktographie und Alterung technischer Werkstoffe
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Crystal Orientation; High Temperature Corrosion
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Degradation von Werkstoffen und Materialien
Veranstaltung:EFC Workshop Dechema
Veranstaltungsort:Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:26.09.2018
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:28.09.2018
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:30.01.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein