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Bare rock biofilms - Model systems in biodeterioration sciences

  • Essential processes in the establishment and maintenance of rock biofilms include photosynthesis, production of extracellular polymeric substances, substrate penetration and atmospheric nutrient enrichment. Functional diversity is supported by a complex subaerial biofilm (SAB) community of heterotrophic and phototrophic microorganisms. Stress tolerant and melanised Ascomycetes dominate heterotrophic SABs while diverse algae and cyanobacteria comprise the phototrophic consortia. Laboratory simulation of SABs permits use of molecular-genetic methods coupled with geochemical and microscopic analyses to study weathering. Our in vitro model includes two free-living and symbiosis-competent, genetically tractable microorganisms: the cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme and the microcolonial rock-inhabiting fungus Knufia petricola. This genetically amenable cyanobacterium/fungus model biofilm allows development of quantitative methods tailored to the natural diversity of SABs. Precise,Essential processes in the establishment and maintenance of rock biofilms include photosynthesis, production of extracellular polymeric substances, substrate penetration and atmospheric nutrient enrichment. Functional diversity is supported by a complex subaerial biofilm (SAB) community of heterotrophic and phototrophic microorganisms. Stress tolerant and melanised Ascomycetes dominate heterotrophic SABs while diverse algae and cyanobacteria comprise the phototrophic consortia. Laboratory simulation of SABs permits use of molecular-genetic methods coupled with geochemical and microscopic analyses to study weathering. Our in vitro model includes two free-living and symbiosis-competent, genetically tractable microorganisms: the cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme and the microcolonial rock-inhabiting fungus Knufia petricola. This genetically amenable cyanobacterium/fungus model biofilm allows development of quantitative methods tailored to the natural diversity of SABs. Precise, reproducible studies using this model biofilm have shown that both the melanised fungus, as well as the combined bacterial/fungal system, enhances the weathering of minerals. Geochemical signatures of these in vitro rock biofilms can now be obtained and compared with bacterial/fungal mutants of varied EPS composition and substrate penetration patterns. And finally, precise study of the model cyanobacterium/fungus biofilm will Permit prediction of the effects of conservational treatments.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Anna Gorbushina
Koautoren/innen:Ronald Banasiak, Romy Breitenbach, W. J. Broughton, Ruben Gerrits, Nicole Knabe, Pedro Maria Martin-Sanchez, Oliver Voigt
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.0 Abteilungsleitung und andere
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS); Model rock biofilm
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Veranstaltung:2. European conference on Biodeterioration of stone monuments
Veranstaltungsort:Cergy-Pontoise, France
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:17.11.2016
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:18.11.2016
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:14.12.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein