• Treffer 2 von 2
Zurück zur Trefferliste

Snapshots of fungal extracellular matrices

  • Fungal extracellular materials reinforce a constant interaction between their cell wall and the environment. A dynamic mixture of chitin, glucans, mannans, glycoproteins, glycolipids and pigments supports the success of all fungal life styles – from symbiotic to the free-living and pathogenic. Fungi are perfectly adapted to grow on surfaces and in porous environments, where they form medically and geochemically relevant biofilms. Fungal EPS are critical in adhesion to other fungi, other cells or substratum as well as in the following interaction with the host immune system or material they attack, degrade and deteriorate respectively. Characterisation of extracellular compounds and understanding of its function is necessary to limit damage caused by fungal activity. All necessary methodology from chemical characterization to complete genetic analyses has been developed for medically important fungi. Now it is time to apply this knowledge to the numerous, largely aerobic and very activeFungal extracellular materials reinforce a constant interaction between their cell wall and the environment. A dynamic mixture of chitin, glucans, mannans, glycoproteins, glycolipids and pigments supports the success of all fungal life styles – from symbiotic to the free-living and pathogenic. Fungi are perfectly adapted to grow on surfaces and in porous environments, where they form medically and geochemically relevant biofilms. Fungal EPS are critical in adhesion to other fungi, other cells or substratum as well as in the following interaction with the host immune system or material they attack, degrade and deteriorate respectively. Characterisation of extracellular compounds and understanding of its function is necessary to limit damage caused by fungal activity. All necessary methodology from chemical characterization to complete genetic analyses has been developed for medically important fungi. Now it is time to apply this knowledge to the numerous, largely aerobic and very active organisms that occupy a wide range of atmosphere-exposed habitats in the upper lithosphere. One can expect that analogies between medically- and environmentally-relevant model fungal species will help us to address the dynamics of the fungal cell EPS matrix in much more efficient and widely applicable ways.zeige mehrzeige weniger

Volltext Dateien herunterladen

  • 2016_Flemming_Chapter 14_R2_The Perfect Slime 2016.pdf
    eng
  • Titelblatt_Impressum_Inhaltsverzeichnis - The Perfect Slime.pdf
    eng

Metadaten exportieren

Weitere Dienste

Teilen auf Twitter Suche bei Google Scholar
Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Romy Breitenbach, Jörg Toepel, Polina Dementyeva, Nicole Knabe, Anna Gorbushina
Persönliche Herausgeber/innen:H.-C. Flemming, T. R. Neu, J. Wingener
Dokumenttyp:Buchkapitel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):The Perfect Slime - Microbial Extracellular Polymeric Substances (EPS)
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.0 Abteilungsleitung und andere
Verlag:IWA Publishing
Verlagsort:London, UK
Erste Seite:Chapter 14, 269
Letzte Seite:299
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Biogenic weathering; Environmental and pathogenic fungi; Fungal cell wall; Fungal life styles; Melanin; Model fungal biofilms
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
DOI:https://doi.org/10.2166/9781780407418
ISBN:9781780407418
ISBN:9781780407425
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:04.11.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein