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Geodermatophilus telluris sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from Saharan desert sand

  • A novel Gram-positive, multiloculated thalli-forming, aerobic, actinobacterial strain, CF9/1/1T, was isolated in 2007 during environmental screening for xerophilic fungi in arid desert soil from the Sahara desert, Chad. The isolate grew best at a temperature range of 20–35 °C and at pH 6.0–8.5 and with 0–4% (w/v) NaCl, forming black-coloured and irregular colonies on GYM agar. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate matched those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The DNA G+C content of the novel strain was 75.4 mol%. The peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as a diagnostic diamino acid. The main phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, a not yet structurally identified aminophospholipid and a small amount of phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was identified as the dominant menaquinone and galactose was a diagnostic sugar. The major cellular fatty acids wereA novel Gram-positive, multiloculated thalli-forming, aerobic, actinobacterial strain, CF9/1/1T, was isolated in 2007 during environmental screening for xerophilic fungi in arid desert soil from the Sahara desert, Chad. The isolate grew best at a temperature range of 20–35 °C and at pH 6.0–8.5 and with 0–4% (w/v) NaCl, forming black-coloured and irregular colonies on GYM agar. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate matched those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The DNA G+C content of the novel strain was 75.4 mol%. The peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as a diagnostic diamino acid. The main phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, a not yet structurally identified aminophospholipid and a small amount of phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was identified as the dominant menaquinone and galactose was a diagnostic sugar. The major cellular fatty acids were branched-chain saturated acids: iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate showed 94.6–97.0% sequence similarities with those of five members of the genus: Geodermatophilus ruber DSM 45317T (94.6%), Geodermatophilus obscurus DSM 43160T (94.8%), Geodermatophilus siccatus DSM 45419T (96.2%), Geodermatophilus nigrescens DSM 45408T (96.7%) and Geodermatophilus arenarius DSM 45418T (97.0%). Based on the evidence from this polyphasic taxonomic study, a novel species, Geodermatophilus telluris sp. nov., is proposed; the type strain is CF9/1/1T (=DSM 45421T=CCUG 62764T).zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:M.d.C. Montero-Calasanz, M. Göker, G. Pötter, M. Rohde, C. Spröer, P. Schumann, H.-P. Klenk, Anna Gorbushina
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology : IJSEM
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2013
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.0 Abteilungsleitung und andere
Verlag:SGM
Verlagsort:Reading
Jahrgang/Band:63
Erste Seite:2254
Letzte Seite:2259
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.046888-0
ISSN:1466-5026
ISSN:1466-5034
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Physisches Exemplar in der Bibliothek der BAM vorhanden ("Hardcopy Access")
Bibliotheksstandort:Sonderstandort: Publica-Schrank
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:29.08.2013