• Treffer 1 von 1
Zurück zur Trefferliste

Recovery potential of Scandium and other critical raw materials from European industrial by-products

  • Technological evolution and modern advances in the field of renewable energies are connected to an increasing demand on critical raw materials and especially technological metals. Recently, interest in the element scandium (Sc) has started to grow due to its positive influence on material properties e.g. in high performance-alloys, solid-oxide-fuel cells and solid-state lasers. Therefore, a rise in value and demand is expected in the near future. This study focuses on the reliable and sufficient methodology of measuring Sc and other critical raw materials in secondary waste products from the Al2O3- and Ti2O producing industry. It also targets the examination of Sc-bearing phases and their potential influence in the recovery of Sc from above mentioned materials. Essentially, chemical and structural analyses and characterization of European red muds and its Sc-bearing mineral phases are carried out. Furthermore, analogue investigations are performed for filter cakes and acid slurriesTechnological evolution and modern advances in the field of renewable energies are connected to an increasing demand on critical raw materials and especially technological metals. Recently, interest in the element scandium (Sc) has started to grow due to its positive influence on material properties e.g. in high performance-alloys, solid-oxide-fuel cells and solid-state lasers. Therefore, a rise in value and demand is expected in the near future. This study focuses on the reliable and sufficient methodology of measuring Sc and other critical raw materials in secondary waste products from the Al2O3- and Ti2O producing industry. It also targets the examination of Sc-bearing phases and their potential influence in the recovery of Sc from above mentioned materials. Essentially, chemical and structural analyses and characterization of European red muds and its Sc-bearing mineral phases are carried out. Furthermore, analogue investigations are performed for filter cakes and acid slurries that incur during TiO2 production. Red muds and TiO2 filter cakes from several European countries have been analyzed by X-ray diffraction, X-ray-fluorescence, ICP-MS and -OES. Analytical procedures performed are based on previous studies and different methods are tested and compared to ensure reliable data from ICP-MS and -OES measurements. Red mud samples were found to contain ~60-100 mg/kg Sc. Main mineral phases are Hematite, Gibbsite, Boehmite, Cancrinite, Diaspore, Perovskite, Rutile, Katoite and Quartz in variable amounts. Samples from TiO2-production contain up to 400 mg/kg of Sc and significant amounts of niobium and cerium. The main mineral phases are Rutile, Calcite, Quartz, Graphite and Iron-Oxide-Chloride. Generally, it is assumed that Sc is associated with iron and titanium-bearing phases such as Ilmenite and Rutile as it was found in REE deposits in China. Hence, These phases are studied in more detail with advanced structural analyses such as X-ray Absorption near edge structure (XANES) and point-based mineral chemistry analyses by electron microprobe. The study is incorporated in the SCALE project (GA No. 730105) funded by European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program and aims to secure a European supply chain for Sc from metallurgical by-products.zeige mehrzeige weniger

Volltext Dateien herunterladen

  • GeoBremen_Talk M. Hoffmann_BAM 4.4.pdf
    eng

Metadaten exportieren

Weitere Dienste

Teilen auf Twitter Suche bei Google Scholar
Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Marie Hoffmann
Koautoren/innen:Christian Adam
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.4 Thermochemische Reststoffbehandlung und Wertstoffrückgewinnung
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Critical raw materials; Industrial byproducts; Red mud
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Veranstaltung:GeoBremen 2017
Veranstaltungsort:Bremen, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:24.09.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:29.09.2017
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:15.12.2017
Referierte Publikation:Nein