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Persistence as a microbial survival strategy against disinfectants

  • Antimicrobial resistance is a major threat to human health. The prevalence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria is predicted to increase in the future requiring robust control strategies. One cornerstone to prevent the spread of MDR bacteria in clinical settings is the application of disinfectants to improve hygiene standards. However, bacteria can evolve resistance to disinfectants, which in turn can confer cross-resistance to antibiotics. Additionally, clonal bacterial populations can display phenotypic heterogeneity with respect to the tolerance of antibiotic stress leading to a prolonged survival of a sub-population; this phenomenon is termed persistence. Persistence to antibiotics is an evolvable trait and can serve as a stepping stone for the evolution of genetically encoded resistance. Until now, there is a lack of systematic studies that investigate if bacterial populations establish persister subpopulations that tolerate disinfectant stress longer than the majority of theAntimicrobial resistance is a major threat to human health. The prevalence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria is predicted to increase in the future requiring robust control strategies. One cornerstone to prevent the spread of MDR bacteria in clinical settings is the application of disinfectants to improve hygiene standards. However, bacteria can evolve resistance to disinfectants, which in turn can confer cross-resistance to antibiotics. Additionally, clonal bacterial populations can display phenotypic heterogeneity with respect to the tolerance of antibiotic stress leading to a prolonged survival of a sub-population; this phenomenon is termed persistence. Persistence to antibiotics is an evolvable trait and can serve as a stepping stone for the evolution of genetically encoded resistance. Until now, there is a lack of systematic studies that investigate if bacterial populations establish persister subpopulations that tolerate disinfectant stress longer than the majority of the population. Our results in E. coli indicate that persistence is a bacterial survival strategy against benzalkonium chloride, a widely used disinfectant. In future experiments, we will investigate the evolution of persistence in the face of fluctuating exposure to disinfectants and whether persistence facilitates resistance against disinfectants. Lastly, we will test how tolerance and resistance against disinfectants affects susceptibility against antibiotics.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Niclas Nordholt
Koautoren/innen:Selina Broska, Frank Schreiber
Dokumenttyp:Posterpräsentation
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2018
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.1 Biologische Materialschädigung und Referenzorganismen
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Bacteria; Biocides; Persistence; Resistance
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltverhalten von Materialien und Produkten
Veranstaltung:Bridging Ecology and Molecular Biology: Organismic Responses to Recurring Stress
Veranstaltungsort:Berlin, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:09.04.2018
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:11.04.2018
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:11.04.2018
Referierte Publikation:Nein