• Treffer 5 von 12
Zurück zur Trefferliste

Antimicrobial resistance in soil microbes mediated by resistance evolution and horizontal gene transfer (HGT)

  • Soil microbes are exposed to different environmental stressors originating from various sources. Biocides used as material preservatives can represent environmental stressors since they are in direct contact with the environment including soil. Microorganism in soils can adapt to stress by different mechanisms; for example, by the evolution of resistance by de novo mutations or acquisition of resistance genes via horizontal gene transfer (HGT). Here, we hypothesize that material preservatives could enhance the evolution of biocide resistance enabling the potential for cross-resistance to antibiotics. Furthermore, we hypothesize that material preservatives can cause increased frequencies of HGT (i.e. altered community permissiveness) facilitating microbial community adaptation to stress. We will culture soil microorganism with increasing concentrations of selected biocides followed by antibiotic susceptibility determination. Moreover, we will incubate soil mesocosms with selectedSoil microbes are exposed to different environmental stressors originating from various sources. Biocides used as material preservatives can represent environmental stressors since they are in direct contact with the environment including soil. Microorganism in soils can adapt to stress by different mechanisms; for example, by the evolution of resistance by de novo mutations or acquisition of resistance genes via horizontal gene transfer (HGT). Here, we hypothesize that material preservatives could enhance the evolution of biocide resistance enabling the potential for cross-resistance to antibiotics. Furthermore, we hypothesize that material preservatives can cause increased frequencies of HGT (i.e. altered community permissiveness) facilitating microbial community adaptation to stress. We will culture soil microorganism with increasing concentrations of selected biocides followed by antibiotic susceptibility determination. Moreover, we will incubate soil mesocosms with selected biocides to investigate if these compounds promote HGT of plasmids that carry resistance genes in soil microbial communities. Together these results will elucidate the potential for the evolution of biocide resistance and cross-resistance to antibiotics as well as the effect of biocides on adaptation to environmental stressors in soil microbial communities.zeige mehrzeige weniger

Volltext Dateien herunterladen

  • ISME17 Poster.pdf
    eng

Metadaten exportieren

Weitere Dienste

Teilen auf Twitter Suche bei Google Scholar
Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Selina Schmidt
Koautoren/innen:Frank Schreiber
Dokumenttyp:Posterpräsentation
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2018
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.1 Biologische Materialschädigung und Referenzorganismen
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Biocides; Horizontal gene transfer HGT; Microbiology; Resistance evolution
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltverhalten von Materialien und Produkten
Veranstaltung:17th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology
Veranstaltungsort:Leipzig, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:12.08.2018
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:17.08.2018
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:16.10.2018
Referierte Publikation:Nein