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Toxicity of amorphous silica nanoparticles on eukaryotic cell model is determined by particle agglomeration and serum protein adsorption effects

  • Cell cultures form the basis of most biological assays conducted to assess the cytotoxicity of nanomaterials. Since the molecular environment of nanoparticles exerts influence on their physicochemical properties, it can have an impact on nanotoxicity. Here, toxicity of silica nanoparticles upon delivery by fluid-phase uptake is studied in a 3T3 fibroblast cell line. Based on XTT viability assay, cytotoxicity is shown to be a function of (1) particle concentration and (2) of fetal calf serum (FCS) content in the cell culture medium. Application of dynamic light scattering shows that both parameters affect particle agglomeration. The DLS Experiments verify the stability of the nanoparticles in culture medium without FCS over a wide range of particle concentrations. The related toxicity can be mainly accounted for by single silica nanoparticles and small agglomerates. In contrast, agglomeration of silica nanoparticles in all FCS-containing media is observed, resulting in a decrease ofCell cultures form the basis of most biological assays conducted to assess the cytotoxicity of nanomaterials. Since the molecular environment of nanoparticles exerts influence on their physicochemical properties, it can have an impact on nanotoxicity. Here, toxicity of silica nanoparticles upon delivery by fluid-phase uptake is studied in a 3T3 fibroblast cell line. Based on XTT viability assay, cytotoxicity is shown to be a function of (1) particle concentration and (2) of fetal calf serum (FCS) content in the cell culture medium. Application of dynamic light scattering shows that both parameters affect particle agglomeration. The DLS Experiments verify the stability of the nanoparticles in culture medium without FCS over a wide range of particle concentrations. The related toxicity can be mainly accounted for by single silica nanoparticles and small agglomerates. In contrast, agglomeration of silica nanoparticles in all FCS-containing media is observed, resulting in a decrease of the associated toxicity. This result has implications for the evaluation of the cytotoxic potential of silica nanoparticles and possibly also other nanomaterials in standard cell culture.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Daniela Drescher, Guillermo Orts Gil, G. Laube, Kishore Natte, R.W. Veh, Werner ÖsterleORCiD, Janina Kneipp
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2011
Verlag:Springer
Verlagsort:Berlin
Jahrgang/Band:400
Ausgabe/Heft:5
Erste Seite:1367
Letzte Seite:1373
Freie Schlagwörter:Agglomeration; Cytotoxicity; Fibroblast cells; Serum proteins; Silica nanoparticles
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-011-4893-7
ISSN:1618-2642
ISSN:1618-2650
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:19.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:23.05.2011