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An ELISA-inspired electrochemical detection system for the quantification of ochratoxin A

  • Toxic secondary metabolites produced by fungi (aka mycotoxins) are often identified as contaminants in cereals or other food and pose a severe health risk, since they can be carcinogenic, neurotoxic, mutagenic or harmful in other respect. The highly nephrotoxic ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important and widespread mycotoxins found in grains such as rye, wheat or oats. Thus, the fast and cost-effective detection of OTA is of great importance, to ensure that the toxin concentration is below the legal limits. Currently, the mycotoxin detection in mill operations is typically performed by means of the antibody-based ELISA method, which requires extensive laboratory equipment and specialized personnel. It was the aim of this study to develop an ELISA-inspired sensor method enabling the on-site quantification of OTA. Based on a classical competitive ELISA, an electrochemical detection system was developed. Anti-OTA-antibodies were captured on magnetic beads on which the competitiveToxic secondary metabolites produced by fungi (aka mycotoxins) are often identified as contaminants in cereals or other food and pose a severe health risk, since they can be carcinogenic, neurotoxic, mutagenic or harmful in other respect. The highly nephrotoxic ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important and widespread mycotoxins found in grains such as rye, wheat or oats. Thus, the fast and cost-effective detection of OTA is of great importance, to ensure that the toxin concentration is below the legal limits. Currently, the mycotoxin detection in mill operations is typically performed by means of the antibody-based ELISA method, which requires extensive laboratory equipment and specialized personnel. It was the aim of this study to develop an ELISA-inspired sensor method enabling the on-site quantification of OTA. Based on a classical competitive ELISA, an electrochemical detection system was developed. Anti-OTA-antibodies were captured on magnetic beads on which the competitive affinity reaction between OTA and an OTA- horseradish peroxidase (HRP) tracer was performed. Here the OTA concentration is inversely proportional to the amount of the bound OTA-HRP tracer, which was electrochemically quantified. For this purpose, oxidized tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), which is enzymatically produced by the reduction of H2O2 by the OTA-HRP tracer, is quantified by amperometry with screen-printed electrodes in a flow system. With this method a detection limit of 250 ng L-1 could be achieved which meets the current requirements for the detection of OTA in food and feed.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Soraya Höfs
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2020
Organisationseinheit der BAM:1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.8 Umweltanalytik
DDC-Klassifikation:Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / Chemie / Analytische Chemie
Freie Schlagwörter:Amperometry; Cyclic voltammetry; ELISA; Magnetic beads; Ochratoxin A
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Analytical Sciences
Analytical Sciences / Sensorik
Veranstaltung:Interdisziplinäres Doktorandenseminar des AK Prozessanalytik
Veranstaltungsort:Online meeting
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:21.09.2020
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:22.09.2020
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:05.10.2020
Referierte Publikation:Nein