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Adaption of Heat Control Concepts for Welding Stress Optimization in High-strength Steel Components

  • High-strength structural steels from 690 MPa are increasingly applied at present. Major reasons are lightweight design trends and potential cost reductions. The structural design of welds and their manufacturing become more challenging with increasing material strength. By reasons of a higher yield ratio of these steels, the development of high residual stresses has to be avoided, since they are detrimental to the components safety and performance. Local restraint stresses and welding loads due to external shrinkage restraints occur. Frequently, this leads to critical tensile residual stresses in the weld and HAZ. In this study, influences of welding process parameters and restraint conditions on the residual stress state in welded components of high-strength steels were investigated. Multilayer GMAW tests under free shrinkage and experiments under well-defined restraints in special in-house developed testing facilities were accomplished. The tests permitted analyses of the resultingHigh-strength structural steels from 690 MPa are increasingly applied at present. Major reasons are lightweight design trends and potential cost reductions. The structural design of welds and their manufacturing become more challenging with increasing material strength. By reasons of a higher yield ratio of these steels, the development of high residual stresses has to be avoided, since they are detrimental to the components safety and performance. Local restraint stresses and welding loads due to external shrinkage restraints occur. Frequently, this leads to critical tensile residual stresses in the weld and HAZ. In this study, influences of welding process parameters and restraint conditions on the residual stress state in welded components of high-strength steels were investigated. Multilayer GMAW tests under free shrinkage and experiments under well-defined restraints in special in-house developed testing facilities were accomplished. The tests permitted analyses of the resulting local residual stresses measured by means of X-ray diffraction and global reaction stress build-up while welding and cooling. Significant effects were found for heat control, seam configuration and restraint condition. Besides high restraints, elevated preheating and interpass temperatures lead to increased welding stresses. An adaption of welding parameters considering heat control, weld run sequence and seam configuration proved to be beneficial.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Michael Rhode
Koautoren/innen:Dirk Schröpfer, Arne Kromm, Thomas Kannengießer
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:9 Komponentensicherheit
9 Komponentensicherheit / 9.4 Integrität von Schweißverbindungen
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Component Test; High-strength Steel; Residual Stress; Weld heat input; Welding
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Degradation von Werkstoffen und Materialien
Veranstaltung:10th Conference on Trends in Welding Research
Veranstaltungsort:Tokyo, Japan
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:11.10.2016
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:14.10.2016
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:17.10.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein