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Trapping in T24 steel weld joints – Effects on activation energy for hydrogen diffusion during TDA

  • Failure cases in the past decade exhibited severe cracking in T24 welds and showed that generally hydrogen-assisted cracking (HAC) occurring up to 200°C cannot be excluded. A basic understanding is necessary on how hydrogen diffusion is influenced by the weld process. In this regard, both weld microstructures HAZ and weld metal have particular influence on hydrogen diffusion compared to the base material. In general, hydrogen diffusion at a certain temperature is described by diffusion coefficients representing an effective value of combined lattice diffusion and effects of reversible hydrogen traps. Those traps are typically precipitates, interstitials, grain boundaries and so on. A common approach to describe the trap character and its effect on diffusion is the determination of so-called activation energy. This can be done by respective thermal desorption analysis (TDA) with linear heating. In the present study, different T24 as-welded microstructures (BM, HAZ, WM) wereFailure cases in the past decade exhibited severe cracking in T24 welds and showed that generally hydrogen-assisted cracking (HAC) occurring up to 200°C cannot be excluded. A basic understanding is necessary on how hydrogen diffusion is influenced by the weld process. In this regard, both weld microstructures HAZ and weld metal have particular influence on hydrogen diffusion compared to the base material. In general, hydrogen diffusion at a certain temperature is described by diffusion coefficients representing an effective value of combined lattice diffusion and effects of reversible hydrogen traps. Those traps are typically precipitates, interstitials, grain boundaries and so on. A common approach to describe the trap character and its effect on diffusion is the determination of so-called activation energy. This can be done by respective thermal desorption analysis (TDA) with linear heating. In the present study, different T24 as-welded microstructures (BM, HAZ, WM) were investigated. For that purpose, electrochemically hydrogen charged specimens were analyzed by TDA with linear heating using a mass spectrometer for detection of ultra-low hydrogen amounts. The results showed that typically the as-welded HAZ had higher energy traps than the tempered base material. Nonetheless two important effects were ascertained: (1) it is strictly necessary to monitor the sample temperature due to its great impact on the hydrogen desorption peak temperature and (2) the real heating rate in the specimen vs. the applied heating rate has to be considered. Both influence the calculated activation energy, i.e. the assigned hydrogen trap character (moderate or strong trap), which changed up to a factor of two in terms of the calculated activation energy. This effect can be much more important compared to the microstructure effect itself. Hence, suitable experimental boundary conditions should be mandatory for the determination of hydrogen trap kinetics.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Michael Rhode
Koautoren/innen:Enrico Steppan, Jörg Steger, Thomas Kannengiesser
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:9 Komponentensicherheit
9 Komponentensicherheit / 9.4 Integrität von Schweißverbindungen
DDC-Klassifikation:Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / Chemie / Analytische Chemie
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Activation energy; Hydrogen; Microstructure; Thermal desorption analysis; Trapping and diffusion
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Degradation von Werkstoffen und Materialien
Analytical Sciences
Analytical Sciences / Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung und Spektroskopie
Veranstaltung:Intermediate Meeting of IIW Commission C-II-A "Metallurgy of Weld Metal"
Veranstaltungsort:Trollhättan, Sweden
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:06.03.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:06.03.2017
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:17.03.2017
Referierte Publikation:Nein