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Effects of heterogeneous aging in compressed HNBR and EPDM O-ring seals

  • Seals used in containers for dangerous goods need to maintain leak tightness for several decades. For investigating the change in seal material properties during aging, a comprehensive aging program on both uncompressed and compressed EPDM and HNBR seals was started. In order to obtain results closely related to practical conditions, O-rings with a full-scale cord diameter of 10 mm were aged. However, this set-up can lead to heterogeneous aging caused by diffusion-limited oxidation (DLO) effects. These effects depend on material, dimensions, time and temperature. Heterogeneous aging results in distorted bulk properties such as compression stress relaxation and compression set (CS) suggesting that HNBR has better performance than EPDM at 150 °C but which is not the case at 100 °C. The presence of heterogeneous material properties was shown by hardness measurements across the seal cross-section. If DLO-affected data is excluded, extrapolations of CS data are possible usingSeals used in containers for dangerous goods need to maintain leak tightness for several decades. For investigating the change in seal material properties during aging, a comprehensive aging program on both uncompressed and compressed EPDM and HNBR seals was started. In order to obtain results closely related to practical conditions, O-rings with a full-scale cord diameter of 10 mm were aged. However, this set-up can lead to heterogeneous aging caused by diffusion-limited oxidation (DLO) effects. These effects depend on material, dimensions, time and temperature. Heterogeneous aging results in distorted bulk properties such as compression stress relaxation and compression set (CS) suggesting that HNBR has better performance than EPDM at 150 °C but which is not the case at 100 °C. The presence of heterogeneous material properties was shown by hardness measurements across the seal cross-section. If DLO-affected data is excluded, extrapolations of CS data are possible using time-temperature shifts and Arrhenius graphs. Exemplary CS values of 50 % and 80 % would be reached after approx. 10 years and 29 years, respectively for HNBR and after approx. 400 years and 1100 years, respectively for EPDM.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Anja Kömmling, Matthias Jaunich, Dietmar Wolff
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Polymer Degradation and Stability
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.4 Sicherheit von Lagerbehältern
Verlag:Elsevier Science
Verlagsort:Oxford
Jahrgang/Band:126
Erste Seite:39
Letzte Seite:46
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Ageing; Compression; DLO; Extrapolation; Lifetime prediction; Rubber
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2016.01.012
URL:http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=RID&SrcApp=RID&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&KeyUT=WOS:000372764000006
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.04.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:20.04.2016