## Dynamic axle loads on tracks with and without ballast mats - numerical results of three-dimensional vehicle-track-soil models

- Ballast mats are an efficient measure to reduce the vibrations near railway lines. The vehicle-track system gets a low eigenfrequency due to the insertion of an elastic ballast mat under the ballast. For frequencies higher than this low vehicle-track eigenfrequency, the forces, which are generating the vibration of the soil, are considerably reduced. In this contribution, a combined finite-element boundary-matrix method is used to calculate a number of completely three-dimensional track models with and without ballast mats. The influence of the important parameters such as the stiffness of the ballast mat, the unsprung vehicle mass, the mass of the track, and the stiffness of the subsoil is investigated. The numerical results are presented as the transfer functions of the total force that is acting on the soil and generating the vibration of the environment. The effectiveness of ballast mats is achieved by division of two of these force functions. The general tendencies for thisBallast mats are an efficient measure to reduce the vibrations near railway lines. The vehicle-track system gets a low eigenfrequency due to the insertion of an elastic ballast mat under the ballast. For frequencies higher than this low vehicle-track eigenfrequency, the forces, which are generating the vibration of the soil, are considerably reduced. In this contribution, a combined finite-element boundary-matrix method is used to calculate a number of completely three-dimensional track models with and without ballast mats. The influence of the important parameters such as the stiffness of the ballast mat, the unsprung vehicle mass, the mass of the track, and the stiffness of the subsoil is investigated. The numerical results are presented as the transfer functions of the total force that is acting on the soil and generating the vibration of the environment. The effectiveness of ballast mats is achieved by division of two of these force functions. The general tendencies for this insertion loss are discussed and a comparison with measurements is given. To come to an improved practical tool for the design of ballast-mat tracks, the finite-element method results are approximated by a simple two-dimensional model of which the solution is given explicitly.…

Autoren/innen: | Lutz Auersch |
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Dokumenttyp: | Zeitschriftenartikel |

Veröffentlichungsform: | Verlagsliteratur |

Sprache: | Englisch |

Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch): | Proceedings of the institution of mechanical engineers F |

Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung: | 2006 |

Verlag: | Institution of Mechanical Engineers |

Verlagsort: | London |

Jahrgang/Band: | 220 |

Ausgabe/Heft: | 2 |

Erste Seite: | 169 |

Letzte Seite: | 183 |

Freie Schlagwörter: | Ballast mat; Finite-element method; Insertion loss; Railway track; Track dynamic; Track-soil interaction; Vehicle-track interaction; Vibration isolation |

DOI: | https://doi.org/10.1243/09544097F00105 |

ISSN: | 0954-4097 |

Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts: | Papiergebundenes Belegexemplar in der Bibliothek der BAM vorhanden ("Hard-copy Access") |

Bibliotheksstandort: | Sonderstandort: Publica-Schrank |

Datum der Freischaltung: | 19.02.2016 |

Referierte Publikation: | Ja |

Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation: | 26.10.2006 |