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Determination of degradation products of thermoplastic polyurethane using fluorescent sensors in a model system

  • Polyurethanes (PU) are formed by polyaddition reaction between diols and diisocyantes. They can be formed utilizing three building blocks, namely a polyol or long-chain diol, a chain extender or short-chain diol, and a diisocyanate. The derived multi-phase block copolymer has thermoplastic properties and is called thermoplastic PU (TPU). This modular approach allows for a variety of alternations yielding a broad range of structural properties and applications. TPUs are based on three main classes of polyols, i.e. polyethers, polyesters, and polycaprolactones. With these different polyols and the ability of changing the ratio of building blocks a variety of material properties can be obtained thus TPUs find numerous applications in e.g. lightweight construction1, insulation, flame retardants, lacquer and glue, as well as medicine. Linear, isocyanate terminated, polyurethane prepolymers prepared from non-equivalent amounts of diisocyanate such as methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI)Polyurethanes (PU) are formed by polyaddition reaction between diols and diisocyantes. They can be formed utilizing three building blocks, namely a polyol or long-chain diol, a chain extender or short-chain diol, and a diisocyanate. The derived multi-phase block copolymer has thermoplastic properties and is called thermoplastic PU (TPU). This modular approach allows for a variety of alternations yielding a broad range of structural properties and applications. TPUs are based on three main classes of polyols, i.e. polyethers, polyesters, and polycaprolactones. With these different polyols and the ability of changing the ratio of building blocks a variety of material properties can be obtained thus TPUs find numerous applications in e.g. lightweight construction1, insulation, flame retardants, lacquer and glue, as well as medicine. Linear, isocyanate terminated, polyurethane prepolymers prepared from non-equivalent amounts of diisocyanate such as methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) attached to a polyol are widely used as precursors of the correspondent polymers. Chain-extending reactions with low molecular weight compounds bearing different amounts of active hydrogens enable both linear and crosslinked polyurethane to be formed. Due to TPUs being used in a broad range of applications facing a variety of stress (e.g. mechanical, hydrolytic, thermal, radiative/UV, as well as its combinations) the complexity of possible degradation mechanism is high. A functional group derived from degradation of the bulk matrix can be detected utilizing a suited fluorogenic sensor molecule. There are several fluorogenic dyes known for the application as sensor for amine groups e.g. fluorescamine, pyrylium dyes, deriving a fluorescent signal upon reaction.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Harald Tschiche
Koautoren/innen:Katrin Hoffmann, Jana Falkenhagen, Steffen Weidner, Ute Resch-Genger
Dokumenttyp:Posterpräsentation
Veröffentlichungsform:Graue Literatur
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.2 Biophotonik
6 Materialchemie
6 Materialchemie / 6.3 Strukturanalytik
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Bewitterung; Polyurethan
Functional group detection; Polyurethanes
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Degradation von Werkstoffen und Materialien
Veranstaltung:ANAKON 2017
Veranstaltungsort:Tübingen, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:03.04.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:06.04.2017
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:16.05.2017
Referierte Publikation:Nein