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Geodermatophilus africanus sp. nov., a halotolerant actinomycete isolated from Saharan desert sand

  • A novel Gram-strain positive, aerobic, actinobacterial strain, designated CF11/1T, was isolated from a sand sample obtained in the Sahara Desert, Chad. The black-pigmented isolate was aerobic and exhibited optimal growth from 25 to 35 °C at pH 6.0–8.0 and with 0–8 % (w/v) NaCl, indicating that it is a halotolerant mesophile. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate matched those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The G+C content in the genome was 74.4 mol%. The peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diaminoacid. The main phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and a minor fraction of phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was the dominant menaquinone, and galactose was detected as a diagnostic sugar. The major cellular fatty acid was branched-chain saturated acid iso-C16:0. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed 95.3–98.6 % pairwise sequence identity with theA novel Gram-strain positive, aerobic, actinobacterial strain, designated CF11/1T, was isolated from a sand sample obtained in the Sahara Desert, Chad. The black-pigmented isolate was aerobic and exhibited optimal growth from 25 to 35 °C at pH 6.0–8.0 and with 0–8 % (w/v) NaCl, indicating that it is a halotolerant mesophile. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate matched those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The G+C content in the genome was 74.4 mol%. The peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diaminoacid. The main phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and a minor fraction of phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was the dominant menaquinone, and galactose was detected as a diagnostic sugar. The major cellular fatty acid was branched-chain saturated acid iso-C16:0. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed 95.3–98.6 % pairwise sequence identity with the members of the genus Geodermatophilus. Based on phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties, as well as phylogenetic distinctiveness, the isolate represents a novel species, Geodermatophilus africanus, with the type strain CF11/1T (DSM 45422 = CCUG 62969 = MTCC 11556).zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:M.d.C. Montero-Calasanz, M. Göker, G. Pötter, M. Rohde, C. Spröer, P. Schumann, Anna Gorbushina, H.-P. Klenk
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2013
Verlag:Springer
Verlagsort:Dordrecht
Jahrgang/Band:104
Ausgabe/Heft:2
Erste Seite:207
Letzte Seite:216
Freie Schlagwörter:Actinomycetes; Geodermatophilaceae; Osmotolerant; Phenotype microarray; Taxonomy
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10482-013-9939-8
ISSN:0003-6072
ISSN:1572-9699
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Physisches Exemplar in der Bibliothek der BAM vorhanden ("Hardcopy Access")
Bibliotheksstandort:Sonderstandort: Publica-Schrank
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:05.08.2013