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Lifetime Prediction of Elastomeric O-Ring Seals

  • The ageing of polymers, including elastomers, is an undesirable but inevitable process leading to a limited lifetime of rubber products such as seals. In order to investigate the degradation of material properties of elastomers used as seals, an ageing programme was started with hydrogenated acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR), ethylene propylene diene rubber (EPDM) and fluorocarbon rubber (FKM) [1-3]. Sheets of 2 mm thickness were aged at four different temperatures (75 °C, 100 °C, 125 °C and 150 °C) for time periods of 1 day up to 1 year. The aged samples were examined using standard analytical methods such as hardness, dynamic-mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), mass loss, density and tensile tests. Additionally, DMA equipment was used to investigate relaxation and recovery behaviour which is more sensitive to degradation effects and can help to correctly interpret data from hardness and DMA measurements. The results show e.g. an increase in hardness andThe ageing of polymers, including elastomers, is an undesirable but inevitable process leading to a limited lifetime of rubber products such as seals. In order to investigate the degradation of material properties of elastomers used as seals, an ageing programme was started with hydrogenated acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR), ethylene propylene diene rubber (EPDM) and fluorocarbon rubber (FKM) [1-3]. Sheets of 2 mm thickness were aged at four different temperatures (75 °C, 100 °C, 125 °C and 150 °C) for time periods of 1 day up to 1 year. The aged samples were examined using standard analytical methods such as hardness, dynamic-mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), mass loss, density and tensile tests. Additionally, DMA equipment was used to investigate relaxation and recovery behaviour which is more sensitive to degradation effects and can help to correctly interpret data from hardness and DMA measurements. The results show e.g. an increase in hardness and glass transition temperature for HNBR and, less pronounced, for EPDM. This confirms ageing mechanisms described in the literature, e.g. dominant crosslinking reactions in HNBR and both chain scissions and crosslinking for EPDM. FKM, which is very heat resistant, exhibits only minor degradation. Where possible, shift factors for time-temperature data sets were determined. The values obtained from different methods are compared and discussed.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Anja Kömmling
Koautoren/innen:Matthias Jaunich, Dietmar Wolff
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.4 Sicherheit von Lagerbehältern
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Angewandte Physik
Freie Schlagwörter:Ageing; EPDM; FKM; HNBR; Rubber
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Energie
Material
Material / Degradation von Werkstoffen und Materialien
Energie / Kerntechnische Entsorgung
Veranstaltung:Modification, Degradation and Stabilization of Polymer (MoDeSt) Conference
Veranstaltungsort:Cracow, Poland
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:04.09.2016
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:08.09.2016
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:01.11.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein