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Ageing of elastomeric seals for storage containers

  • At BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing in Germany, it is our responsibility to evaluate the safety of casks designed for transport and/or storage of radioactive material. This includes the investigation of elastomeric seals applied in the containers. Besides examining the low-temperature behavior of elastomeric seals, it is our goal to evaluate the service lifetime of the seals with regard to the requirements for long-term safety (40 years and more) of the containers. Furthermore, we deem it necessary to exceed the requirements given in the ageing standard DIN 53508 and take into account diffusion-limited oxidation (DLO) effects and non-Arrhenius behavior when making lifetime predictions. Therefore, we started an ageing programme with selected rubbers (HNBR, FKM and EPDM) which are oven-aged at four different temperatures (75 °C, 100 °C, 125 °C and 150 °C) in order to extrapolate the data to service temperature using different models and check which one isAt BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing in Germany, it is our responsibility to evaluate the safety of casks designed for transport and/or storage of radioactive material. This includes the investigation of elastomeric seals applied in the containers. Besides examining the low-temperature behavior of elastomeric seals, it is our goal to evaluate the service lifetime of the seals with regard to the requirements for long-term safety (40 years and more) of the containers. Furthermore, we deem it necessary to exceed the requirements given in the ageing standard DIN 53508 and take into account diffusion-limited oxidation (DLO) effects and non-Arrhenius behavior when making lifetime predictions. Therefore, we started an ageing programme with selected rubbers (HNBR, FKM and EPDM) which are oven-aged at four different temperatures (75 °C, 100 °C, 125 °C and 150 °C) in order to extrapolate the data to service temperature using different models and check which one is appropriate. Samples are examined at different times up to 5 years. In order to be able to compare between compressed and relaxed rubber, they are aged in two conditions: the undeformed O-ring state as well as compressed between plates with a compression of 25 % corresponding to the actual compression during service. Additionally, we are ageing samples in flanges that allow leakage rate measurements which is the central performance criterion. Analysis methods include hardness as a quick indicator, compression set and compression stress relaxation as measures reflecting the actual properties of a compressed seal. Additionally, we are applying classical polymer analysis methods like dynamic mechanic analysis and thermogravimetric analysis which show changes in the polymeric structure due to chain scission and crosslinking. Furthermore, we are testing the leakage rate of the O-rings in order to correlate the changes in physical properties to the actual performance of the seal. First results of samples aged up to 100 days show a strong increase in hardness for HNBR, a moderate increase for EPDM and hardly a change for FKM. A similar result is seen in the compression set of samples aged 100 d at 100 °C in compression as HNBR has reached 60 %, EPDM 25 % and FKM 15 % compression set. However, after ageing at 150 °C, EPDM shows a worse performance with 95 % compression set compared to HNBR with only 80 %. This is probably due to DLO effects in HNBR that appear because of the fast ageing and low oxygen permeability in HNBR. This leads to a deficit of oxygen in the center of the sample which is thus protected from ageing and can retain elastic properties. The full paper shall discuss the changes in material properties observed to date and the impact on the performance of elastomeric seals.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Anja Kömmling, Matthias Jaunich, Dietmar Wolff
Dokumenttyp:Beitrag zu einem Tagungsband
Veröffentlichungsform:Graue Literatur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):IRC 2015 - International rubber conference / DKT 2015 - Deutsche Kautschuk-Tagung
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2015
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.4 Sicherheit von Lagerbehältern
Herausgeber (Institution):Deutsche Kautschuk-Gesellschaft e.V.
Erste Seite:1
Letzte Seite:10
Freie Schlagwörter:Aging; Cask; Compression; Elastomer; Lifetime; Rubber; Seal
Veranstaltung:IRC 2015 - International rubber conference
Veranstaltungsort:Nürnberg, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:29.06.2015
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:02.07.2015
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein