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Fire protection systems for tanks made of GFRP

  • The application of lightweight materials for tanks for transportation appears promising. Besides saving weight and therefore transportation costs, new complex geometries that depart from common cylindrical shapes of steel tanks can be manufactured. For transportation of dangerous goods, fire and explosion safety must be maintained to prevent accidents with serious consequences. In this work the fire behavior of lightweight tanks made from glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) with complex geometries is investigated. Pretests on intermediate scale GFRP plates are conducted to identify suitable fire protection systems and surface treatments for composite tanks. The fire resistance is shown to be improved by addition of fire protective coatings and integrated layers. Finally, a complex rectangular GFRP tank with a holding capacity of 1100 liters is fire protected with an intumescent fire coating. The tank is filled up to 80 % with water and burned under an engulfing fully developed fire.The application of lightweight materials for tanks for transportation appears promising. Besides saving weight and therefore transportation costs, new complex geometries that depart from common cylindrical shapes of steel tanks can be manufactured. For transportation of dangerous goods, fire and explosion safety must be maintained to prevent accidents with serious consequences. In this work the fire behavior of lightweight tanks made from glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) with complex geometries is investigated. Pretests on intermediate scale GFRP plates are conducted to identify suitable fire protection systems and surface treatments for composite tanks. The fire resistance is shown to be improved by addition of fire protective coatings and integrated layers. Finally, a complex rectangular GFRP tank with a holding capacity of 1100 liters is fire protected with an intumescent fire coating. The tank is filled up to 80 % with water and burned under an engulfing fully developed fire. It was shown that the intumescent layer could expand before the decomposition of the resin occurred. Furthermore, the adhesion between tank surface and coating was maintained. The structure could withstand a fire for more than 20 min.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Autoren/innen:Sina Pötzsch, Sebastian Timme, Christian Sklorz, Danilo Skoczowsky, Frank Otremba, Simone Krüger
Dokumenttyp:Beitrag zu einem Tagungsband
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):IMECE 2017 conference proceedings
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.2 Gefahrguttanks und Unfallmechanik
7 Bauwerkssicherheit
7 Bauwerkssicherheit / 7.5 Technische Eigenschaften von Polymerwerkstoffen
8 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung
8 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung / 8.6 Faseroptische Sensorik
Verlag:ASME Press
Jahrgang/Band:14
Erste Seite:Article UNSP V014T14A017, 1
Letzte Seite:6
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurbau
Freie Schlagwörter:Composites in fire; Fire retardants; GFRP; Intumescent layer; Lightweight tank
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Infrastruktur
Veranstaltung:ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE) 2017
Veranstaltungsort:Tampa, Florida, USA
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:03.11.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:09.11.2017
URL:http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=Alerting&SrcApp=Alerting&DestApp=WOS&DestLinkType=FullRecord;UT=WOS:000430517800090
ISBN:978-0-7918-5849-3
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:21.11.2017
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:14.05.2018