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Challenges of the African environmental conditions for concrete mixture composition

  • Concrete technology was exposed to a rapid development during the last three decades. For the longest time in its history, concrete was considered as a three component System consisting of aggregates, which are bound by the hardened cement paste consisting of hydrated cement. Traditionally, the only way of adjusting the consistency of concrete was using well adjusted aggregates and grading curves and adding excess water to the concrete, accepting that the latter in return reduces strength and durability. During the last three decades, however, concrete has developed further from a three component System towards an (at least) five component system, since the use of mineral additions and Chemical admixtures has become state of the art. Both components are able to enhance the workability, the compactability, and the density of the microstructure with effects on strength, ductility and durability, while cement can be saved in parallel. Due to reasonable use of admixtures and additions,Concrete technology was exposed to a rapid development during the last three decades. For the longest time in its history, concrete was considered as a three component System consisting of aggregates, which are bound by the hardened cement paste consisting of hydrated cement. Traditionally, the only way of adjusting the consistency of concrete was using well adjusted aggregates and grading curves and adding excess water to the concrete, accepting that the latter in return reduces strength and durability. During the last three decades, however, concrete has developed further from a three component System towards an (at least) five component system, since the use of mineral additions and Chemical admixtures has become state of the art. Both components are able to enhance the workability, the compactability, and the density of the microstructure with effects on strength, ductility and durability, while cement can be saved in parallel. Due to reasonable use of admixtures and additions, concrete can be designed to match mechanically high performance specifications. Traditionally, cement paste was considered the weakest component in concrete. Flowever, in modern concrete a good paste composition can yield highest performance, passing the role of the mechanical bottleneck towards the aggregates.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Wolfram Schmidt
Dokumenttyp:Beitrag zu einem Tagungsband
Veröffentlichungsform:Eigenverlag BAM
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Workshop cement and concrete for Africa (Proceedings)
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2011
Verlag:Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Verlagsort:Berlin
Erste Seite:37
Letzte Seite:49
Freie Schlagwörter:Africa; Cement; Climatic conditions; Concrete; Mixture composition
Veranstaltung:Workshop cement and concrete for Africa
Veranstaltungsort:Berlin, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:17.08.2011
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:17.08.2011
ISBN:978-3-9814281-4-8
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:19.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein