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Strategies for numerical modelling of metal gaskets in transport and storage casks

  • Metal gaskets in the lid system of transport and storage casks for radioactive material have to guarantee leak-tightness and safe enclosure of the radioactive inventory under normal and accident conditions during transport, in case of accidents and for the longterm interim storage. For safety assessments by nurnerical simulation of the thermomechanical behaviour of a lid system with metal gaskets, the finite element method offers three options to use: i) special gasket elements, ii) complex three-dimensional modeHing with solid elements, and iii) a simplified axisymmetric approach. Gasket elements can be adjusted by many parameters, but they give only a global representation of the experimentally observed gasket behaviour. For calculations of the entire cask including the lid system with gaskets, nonetheless this approach is recommended. To investigate the hardly measurable impact behaviour in detail or to extrapolate the long-term behaviour, a local modeHing of all parts of a gasketMetal gaskets in the lid system of transport and storage casks for radioactive material have to guarantee leak-tightness and safe enclosure of the radioactive inventory under normal and accident conditions during transport, in case of accidents and for the longterm interim storage. For safety assessments by nurnerical simulation of the thermomechanical behaviour of a lid system with metal gaskets, the finite element method offers three options to use: i) special gasket elements, ii) complex three-dimensional modeHing with solid elements, and iii) a simplified axisymmetric approach. Gasket elements can be adjusted by many parameters, but they give only a global representation of the experimentally observed gasket behaviour. For calculations of the entire cask including the lid system with gaskets, nonetheless this approach is recommended. To investigate the hardly measurable impact behaviour in detail or to extrapolate the long-term behaviour, a local modeHing of all parts of a gasket and their interactions with effects like elastic-plastic deformation, creep, relaxation, and friction is necessary. The three-dimensional model can describe the change of contact area between outer jacket of the gasket and flange dependent on the load conditions, what overcomes an essential limitation of special gasket elements. To simplify the problern of investigating the underlying physical effects, an axisymmetric lid system can be modelled with axisymmetric finite elements. Usually an approximation is only necessary for the helical spring of a metal gasket. This paper explains basic ideas for an adequate finite element simulation of cask lid systems with metal gaskets and their thermo-mechanical behaviour under specific load scenarios.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Uwe Zencker, Linan Qiao, Holger Völzke
Dokumenttyp:Beitrag zu einem Tagungsband
Veröffentlichungsform:Graue Literatur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):RAMTRANSPORT 2015 - International conference on the radioactive materials transport and storage (Proceedings)
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2015
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.4 Sicherheit von Lagerbehältern
Herausgeber (Institution):Nuclear institute (ni)
Erste Seite:Paper RAM15-27, 1-9
Freie Schlagwörter:Finite element method; Metal gasket; Simulation
Veranstaltung:RAMTRANSPORT 2015 - International conference on the radioactive materials transport and storage
Veranstaltungsort:Oxford, UK
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:19.05.2015
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:21.05.2015
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein