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Influence of solute content and solidification parameters on grain refinement of aluminum weld metal

  • Grain refinement provides an important possibility to enhance the mechanical properties (e.g., strength and ductility) and the weldability (susceptibility to solidification cracking) of aluminum weld metal. In the current study, a filler metal consisting of aluminum base metal and different amounts of commercial grain refiner Al Ti5B1 was produced. The filler metal was then deposited in the base metal and fused in a GTA welding process. Additions of titanium and boron reduced the weld metal mean grain size considerably and resulted in a transition from columnar to equiaxed grain shape (CET). In commercial pure aluminum (Alloy 1050A), the grain-refining efficiency was higher than that in the Al alloys 6082 and 5083. Different welding and solidification parameters influenced the grain size response only slightly. Furthermore, the observed grain-size reduction was analyzed by means of the undercooling parameter P and the growth restriction parameter Q, which revealed the influence ofGrain refinement provides an important possibility to enhance the mechanical properties (e.g., strength and ductility) and the weldability (susceptibility to solidification cracking) of aluminum weld metal. In the current study, a filler metal consisting of aluminum base metal and different amounts of commercial grain refiner Al Ti5B1 was produced. The filler metal was then deposited in the base metal and fused in a GTA welding process. Additions of titanium and boron reduced the weld metal mean grain size considerably and resulted in a transition from columnar to equiaxed grain shape (CET). In commercial pure aluminum (Alloy 1050A), the grain-refining efficiency was higher than that in the Al alloys 6082 and 5083. Different welding and solidification parameters influenced the grain size response only slightly. Furthermore, the observed grain-size reduction was analyzed by means of the undercooling parameter P and the growth restriction parameter Q, which revealed the influence of solute elements and nucleant particles on grain size.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Philipp Schempp, C.E. Cross, Andreas Pittner, Michael Rethmeier
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Metallurgical and materials transactions A
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2013
Organisationseinheit der BAM:9 Komponentensicherheit
9 Komponentensicherheit / 9.3 Schweißtechnische Fertigungsverfahren
Verlag:The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society
Verlagsort:Warrendale
Jahrgang/Band:44A
Ausgabe/Heft:7
Erste Seite:3198
Letzte Seite:3210
Freie Schlagwörter:Al Ti5B1; Alloy 1050A; Alloy 5083; Alloy 6082; Aluminium; GTA welding; Grain refinement
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-013-1649-3
ISSN:1073-5623
ISSN:1543-1940
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:17.06.2013