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Influence of grain size on mechanical properties of aluminium GTA weld metal

  • Grain refinement is an important possibility to enhance the mechanical properties such as strength, ductility and toughness of aluminium weld metal. In this study, grain refinement was achieved through the addition of commercial grain refiner Al Ti5B1 to gas tungsten arc weld metal of the aluminium alloys 1050A (Al 99.5) and 5083 (Al Mg4.5Mn0.7). The grain refiner additions led to a significant reduction of the weld metal mean grain size (Alloy 1050A, 86 %; Alloy 5083, 44 %) with a change in grain shape from columnar to equiaxed. Tensile tests showed for Alloy 5083 that the weld metal's ductility can be increased through grain refinement. No improvement in weld metal strength (i.e. yield strength and ultimate tensile strength) was observed. Furthermore, tear tests with notched specimens revealed that the resistance against initiation and propagation of cracks in the weld metal can be enhanced through grain refinement. The toughness was observed to increase clearly by grain refinementGrain refinement is an important possibility to enhance the mechanical properties such as strength, ductility and toughness of aluminium weld metal. In this study, grain refinement was achieved through the addition of commercial grain refiner Al Ti5B1 to gas tungsten arc weld metal of the aluminium alloys 1050A (Al 99.5) and 5083 (Al Mg4.5Mn0.7). The grain refiner additions led to a significant reduction of the weld metal mean grain size (Alloy 1050A, 86 %; Alloy 5083, 44 %) with a change in grain shape from columnar to equiaxed. Tensile tests showed for Alloy 5083 that the weld metal's ductility can be increased through grain refinement. No improvement in weld metal strength (i.e. yield strength and ultimate tensile strength) was observed. Furthermore, tear tests with notched specimens revealed that the resistance against initiation and propagation of cracks in the weld metal can be enhanced through grain refinement. The toughness was observed to increase clearly by grain refinement in weld metal of commercial pure Al (Alloy 1050A). In Alloy 5083 weld metal, the toughness was not improved through grain refinement, likely because of a semi-continuous network of brittle intermetallic phases that facilitate crack propagation.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Philipp Schempp, C.E. Cross, Ralf Häcker, Andreas Pittner, Michael Rethmeier
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Welding in the world
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2013
Organisationseinheit der BAM:9 Komponentensicherheit
9 Komponentensicherheit / 9.1 Betriebsfestigkeit und Bauteilsicherheit
9 Komponentensicherheit / 9.3 Schweißtechnische Fertigungsverfahren
Herausgeber (Institution):International Institute of Welding
Verlag:Springer
Verlagsort:Oxford
Jahrgang/Band:57
Ausgabe/Heft:3
Erste Seite:293
Letzte Seite:304
Freie Schlagwörter:Aluminium; Dynamic fracture tests; GTA welding; Grain size; Tensile tests
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s40194-013-0026-6
ISSN:0043-2288
ISSN:1878-6669
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:18.04.2013