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Creep fatigue behavior of P91/P92

  • 9-12% Cr ferritic-martensitic stainless steels are widely used as high temperature construction materials in power plants due to their excellent creep resistance and good oxidation resistance. Creep resistance is considered as the primary parameter in material selection for base-load power plants, but the growing share of renewable energy sources in power generation forces many installations into more "flexible" operation with frequent load reductions and shutdowns. Under cyclic operation of power plants, temperature gradients occur especially in thick-walled components. Locally, these gradients lead to complex time- and temperature-dependent loading scenarios which may result in superimposed creep deformation/damage, creep-fatigue and thermo-mechanical fatigue. The combination of different damage processes may seriously reduce the lifetimes of respective components. A fundamental understanding of the damage evolution in ferritic-martensitic steels under combined static and cyclic9-12% Cr ferritic-martensitic stainless steels are widely used as high temperature construction materials in power plants due to their excellent creep resistance and good oxidation resistance. Creep resistance is considered as the primary parameter in material selection for base-load power plants, but the growing share of renewable energy sources in power generation forces many installations into more "flexible" operation with frequent load reductions and shutdowns. Under cyclic operation of power plants, temperature gradients occur especially in thick-walled components. Locally, these gradients lead to complex time- and temperature-dependent loading scenarios which may result in superimposed creep deformation/damage, creep-fatigue and thermo-mechanical fatigue. The combination of different damage processes may seriously reduce the lifetimes of respective components. A fundamental understanding of the damage evolution in ferritic-martensitic steels under combined static and cyclic loading is therefore required. In the present contribution, the creep-fatigue behavior of two different 9% Cr steel grades (P91 and P92) was investigated. Standard creep-tests as well as LCF/TMF tests with hold time have been carried out to study the material behavior of the new loading scenarios. Microstructural investigations help to identify the observed deformation characteristics and the dominating damage mechanisms under different loads. The test programme is complemented by cyclic creep-tests (temperature change) and creep-tests under atmospheres. In a next step, the experimental results will be used for parameter identification of a deformation and lifetime model to predict the material behavior.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Maria Jürgens
Koautoren/innen:Skrotzki Birgit, Olbricht Jürgen
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:5 Werkstofftechnik
5 Werkstofftechnik / 5.0 Abteilungsleitung und andere
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Angewandte Physik
Freie Schlagwörter:Creep-Fatigue; Ferritic-martensitic steels; Near-service testing; P91; P92; Power plant
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Energie
Veranstaltung:ECCC 2017
Veranstaltungsort:Düsseldorf, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:10.09.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:14.09.2017
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:04.10.2017
Referierte Publikation:Nein