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In situ laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements of chemical compositions in stainless steels during tungsten inert gas welding

  • A laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) system was combined with a bead-on-plate Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding process for the in situ measurement of chemical compositions in austenitic stainless steels during welding.Monitoring the weld pool's chemical composition allows governing the weld pool solidification behavior, and thus enables the reduction of susceptibility to weld defects. Conventional inspection methods for weld seams (e.g. ultrasonic inspection) cannot be performed during the welding process. The analysis system also allows in situ study of the correlation between the occurrence ofweld defects and changes in the chemical composition in theweld pool or in the two-phase regionwhere solid and liquid phase coexist. First experiments showed that both the shielding Ar gas and the welding arc plasma have a significant effect on the selected Cr II, Ni II and MnII characteristicemissions, namely an artificial increase of intensity values via unspecific emission in theA laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) system was combined with a bead-on-plate Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding process for the in situ measurement of chemical compositions in austenitic stainless steels during welding.Monitoring the weld pool's chemical composition allows governing the weld pool solidification behavior, and thus enables the reduction of susceptibility to weld defects. Conventional inspection methods for weld seams (e.g. ultrasonic inspection) cannot be performed during the welding process. The analysis system also allows in situ study of the correlation between the occurrence ofweld defects and changes in the chemical composition in theweld pool or in the two-phase regionwhere solid and liquid phase coexist. First experiments showed that both the shielding Ar gas and the welding arc plasma have a significant effect on the selected Cr II, Ni II and MnII characteristicemissions, namely an artificial increase of intensity values via unspecific emission in the spectra. In situ investigations showed that this artificial intensity increase reached a maximum in presence of weld plume. Moreover, an explicit decay has been observedwith the termination of thewelding plumedue to infrared radiation during sample cooling. Furthermore, LIBS can be used after welding to map element distribution. For austenitic stainless steels,Mnaccumulations on both sides of theweld could be detected between the heat affected zone (HAZ) and the base material.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Ugur Alp Taparli, Lars Jacobsen, Axel Griesche, Katarzyna Michalik, David Mory, Thomas Kannengießer
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2018
Organisationseinheit der BAM:9 Komponentensicherheit
9 Komponentensicherheit / 9.4 Integrität von Schweißverbindungen
Verlag:Elsevier
Verlagsort:Amsterdam, Niederlande
Jahrgang/Band:139
Erste Seite:50
Letzte Seite:56
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Austenitic; Chemical composition; In situ; LIBS; Measurement; Stainless steels; TIG; Welding
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
Veranstaltung:th International Conference on Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)
Veranstaltungsort:Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, France
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:12.09.2016
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:16.09.2016
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sab.2017.11.012
URL:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0584854717301064
URL:http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=Alerting&SrcApp=Alerting&DestApp=WOS&DestLinkType=FullRecord;UT=WOS:000423897000008
ISSN:0584-8547
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:27.11.2017
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:16.02.2018