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In vitro phase I metabolism of cis-zearalenone

  • The present study investigates the in vitro phase I metabolism of cis-zearalenone (cis-ZEN) in rat liver microsomes and human liver microsomes. cis-ZEN is an often ignored isomer of the trans-configured Fusarium mycotoxin zearalenone (trans-ZEN). Upon the influence of (UV-) light, trans-ZEN isomerizes to cis-ZEN. Therefore, cis-ZEN is also present in food and feed. The aim of our study was to evaluate the in vitro phase I metabolism of cis-ZEN in comparison to that of trans-ZEN. As a result, an extensive metabolization of cis-ZEN is observed for rat and human liver microsomes as analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS and high-resolution MS. Kinetic investigations based on the substrate depletion approach showed no significant difference in rate constants and half-lives for cis- and trans-ZEN in rat microsomes. In contrast, cis-ZEN was depleted about 1.4-fold faster than trans-ZEN in human microsomes. The metabolite pattern of cis-ZEN revealed a total of 10 phase I metabolites. Its reduction products,The present study investigates the in vitro phase I metabolism of cis-zearalenone (cis-ZEN) in rat liver microsomes and human liver microsomes. cis-ZEN is an often ignored isomer of the trans-configured Fusarium mycotoxin zearalenone (trans-ZEN). Upon the influence of (UV-) light, trans-ZEN isomerizes to cis-ZEN. Therefore, cis-ZEN is also present in food and feed. The aim of our study was to evaluate the in vitro phase I metabolism of cis-ZEN in comparison to that of trans-ZEN. As a result, an extensive metabolization of cis-ZEN is observed for rat and human liver microsomes as analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS and high-resolution MS. Kinetic investigations based on the substrate depletion approach showed no significant difference in rate constants and half-lives for cis- and trans-ZEN in rat microsomes. In contrast, cis-ZEN was depleted about 1.4-fold faster than trans-ZEN in human microsomes. The metabolite pattern of cis-ZEN revealed a total of 10 phase I metabolites. Its reduction products, α- and β-cis-zearalenol (α- and β-cis-ZEL), were found as metabolites in both species, with α-cis-ZEL being a major metabolite in rat liver microsomes. Both compounds were identified by co-chromatography with synthesized authentic standards. A further major metabolite in rat microsomes was monohydroxylated cis-ZEN. In human microsomes, monohydroxylated cis-ZEN is the single dominant peak of the metabolite profile. Our study discloses three metabolic pathways for cis-ZEN: reduction of the keto-group, monohydroxylation, and a combination of both. Because these routes have been reported for trans-ZEN, we conclude that the phase I metabolism of cis-ZEN is essentially similar to that of its trans isomer. As trans-ZEN is prone to metabolic activation, leading to the formation of more estrogenic metabolites, the novel metabolites of cis-ZEN reported in this study, in particular α-cis-ZEL, might also show higher estrogenicity.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Sarah Drzymala, Antje Herrmann, Ronald Maul, Dietmar Pfeifer, L.-A. Garbe, Matthias Koch
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Chemical research in toxicology
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2014
Organisationseinheit der BAM:1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.1 Anorganische Spurenanalytik
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.3 Strukturanalytik
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.7 Organische Spuren- und Lebensmittelanalytik
Herausgeber (Institution):American Chemical Society
Verlag:Soc.
Verlagsort:Washington, DC, USA
Jahrgang/Band:27
Ausgabe/Heft:11
Erste Seite:1972
Letzte Seite:1978
Freie Schlagwörter:Cis-ZEN; Depletion kinetics; HRMS; LC-MS/MS; Phase I metabolism
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/tx500312g
ISSN:0893-228X
ISSN:1520-5010
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:27.11.2014