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Chemical and morphological changes in hydrochars derived from microcrystalline cellulose and investigated by chromatographic, spectroscopic and adsorption techniques

  • Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) can be used for converting the biomass into a carbon-rich material, whose application as a fuel requires higher heating value, whereas soil amendment needs stable carbon. This work was focused on the characterization of hydrochars derived from microcrystalline cellulose. The chars were investigated using elemental analysis, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller technique, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Raman, Fourier transform infrared, and electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Severity in temperature between 230 and 270 °C with reaction times between 2 and 10 h only affect the carbon content moderately. The results show that aromatization of HTC chars correlates well with temperature, which was further supported by the increase of organic radicals with decreasing g values at higher temperatures. Based on these results, the energetic use of chars favors mild HTC (T < 230 °C and t ≤ 6 h), while the soil amendement favors serve conditions (T ≥ 230 °C, and t >Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) can be used for converting the biomass into a carbon-rich material, whose application as a fuel requires higher heating value, whereas soil amendment needs stable carbon. This work was focused on the characterization of hydrochars derived from microcrystalline cellulose. The chars were investigated using elemental analysis, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller technique, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Raman, Fourier transform infrared, and electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Severity in temperature between 230 and 270 °C with reaction times between 2 and 10 h only affect the carbon content moderately. The results show that aromatization of HTC chars correlates well with temperature, which was further supported by the increase of organic radicals with decreasing g values at higher temperatures. Based on these results, the energetic use of chars favors mild HTC (T < 230 °C and t ≤ 6 h), while the soil amendement favors serve conditions (T ≥ 230 °C, and t > 6 h).zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:M. Diakité, Andrea PaulORCiD, Christian Jäger, J. Pielert, J. Mumme
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Bioresource Technology
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2013
Verlag:Elsevier Ltd.
Verlagsort:Barking, Essex
Jahrgang/Band:150
Erste Seite:98
Letzte Seite:105
Freie Schlagwörter:ATR-FTIR-spectroscopy; Hydrochar; Hydrothermal carbonization; Microcrystalline cellulose; NMR-spectroscopy
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.09.129
ISSN:0960-8524
ISSN:1873-2976
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:06.01.2014