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On the quasi-static granular convective flow and sand densification around pile foundations under cyclic lateral loading

  • The saturated sand surrounding an offshore pile foundation under quasi-static cyclic lateral load can show the physical phenomena of macromechanical densification and convective granular flow. Based on the results from physical model tests at different geometrical scales, this paper provides a certain quantification of such phenomena and discusses their causes and consequences. The progressive sand densification leads to subsidence of the soil surface and a significant stiffening of the pile behaviour. Conversely, the ratcheting convective motion of two closed cells of soil beneath the pile-head is responsible for an endless grain migration at the soil surface, the inverse grading of the convected material and a direct shear of the sand at the distinct boundary of the revolving soil domain. In this respect, and from a macromechanical perspective considering the soil as a continuum, it appears that the convecting material tends to follow gradient lines of shear stress during itsThe saturated sand surrounding an offshore pile foundation under quasi-static cyclic lateral load can show the physical phenomena of macromechanical densification and convective granular flow. Based on the results from physical model tests at different geometrical scales, this paper provides a certain quantification of such phenomena and discusses their causes and consequences. The progressive sand densification leads to subsidence of the soil surface and a significant stiffening of the pile behaviour. Conversely, the ratcheting convective motion of two closed cells of soil beneath the pile-head is responsible for an endless grain migration at the soil surface, the inverse grading of the convected material and a direct shear of the sand at the distinct boundary of the revolving soil domain. In this respect, and from a macromechanical perspective considering the soil as a continuum, it appears that the convecting material tends to follow gradient lines of shear stress during its ratcheting motion. Concluding the paper, the practical relevance of these phenomena and their extrapolation to other conditions are briefly discussed.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Pablo Cuéllar, Steven Georgi, Matthias Baeßler, Werner Rücker
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Deutsch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Deutsch):Granular matter
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2012
Verlag:Springer
Verlagsort:Berlin ; Heidelberg
Jahrgang/Band:14
Ausgabe/Heft:1
Erste Seite:11
Letzte Seite:25
Freie Schlagwörter:Cyclic loading; Densification; Granular convection; Offshore pile foundation; Ratcheting
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10035-011-0305-0
ISSN:1434-5021
ISSN:1434-7636
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Papiergebundenes Belegexemplar in der Bibliothek der BAM vorhanden ("Hard-copy Access")
Bibliotheksstandort:Sonderstandort: Publica-Schrank
Datum der Freischaltung:19.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:30.01.2012