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Toxicity associated to uptake and depuration of carbamazepine in the clam Scrobicularia plana under a chronic exposure

  • Carbamazepine (CBZ) is an antiepileptic drug commonly detected in aquatic systems, with toxic effects to inhabiting organisms. Limited information is known on stress response biomarkers associated to bioconcentration and depuration of CBZ in aquatic organisms. Moreover, few studies addressed if the response and recovery of organisms to a contaminant can change when they are collected in a contaminated site. This study intended to understand the bioconcentration and depuration of CBZ combined with its toxicological impact in Scrobicularia plana clams collected from two contrasting areas (MIRA, Mira channel, non-contaminated and LAR, Laranjo bay, arithropogenically impacted) from the Ria de Aveiro (Portugal). The clams were exposed for 14 days to environmentally relevant CBZ concentrations (0.0, 4.0 and 8.0 mu g/L), followed by a 14 day depuration period. CBZ concentrations in S. plana tissues were rapidly bioconcentrated during the exposure period. In the depuration period CBZ wasCarbamazepine (CBZ) is an antiepileptic drug commonly detected in aquatic systems, with toxic effects to inhabiting organisms. Limited information is known on stress response biomarkers associated to bioconcentration and depuration of CBZ in aquatic organisms. Moreover, few studies addressed if the response and recovery of organisms to a contaminant can change when they are collected in a contaminated site. This study intended to understand the bioconcentration and depuration of CBZ combined with its toxicological impact in Scrobicularia plana clams collected from two contrasting areas (MIRA, Mira channel, non-contaminated and LAR, Laranjo bay, arithropogenically impacted) from the Ria de Aveiro (Portugal). The clams were exposed for 14 days to environmentally relevant CBZ concentrations (0.0, 4.0 and 8.0 mu g/L), followed by a 14 day depuration period. CBZ concentrations in S. plana tissues were rapidly bioconcentrated during the exposure period. In the depuration period CBZ was eliminated, in some extent. The main toxic effects occurred at the highest concentration (8.0 mu g/L) after 14 days of exposure in which the clams from LAR accumulated ahigher CBZ concentration (LAR: similar to 10 ng/g FW) than clams from MIRA (MIRA: similar to 7 ng/g FW). LAR clams exhibited higher oxidative damage at this concentration, demonstrated by higher LPO levels over time (increase of similar to 1.4% relative to control) and, in comparison with MIRA clams (LAR: 17.7 nmol/g FW; MIRA: 11.4 nmol/g FW). After the depuration period, LAR clams recovered from the stress induced by CBZ. A decrease in LPO for LAR (decrease of similar to 40% in relation to the end of the exposure period) was accompanied by a decrease in CBZ tissue concentrations (decrease of similar to 61% relative to the end of the exposure period). MIRA clams were not oxidatively injured (low LPO levels remained unchanged after the depuration and CBZ decreased similar to 80% relative to the end of the exposure period).zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Rudolf Schneider, Ângela Almeida, V. Calisto, V.I. Esteves, A.M.V.M. Soares, E. Figueira, R. Freitas
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
Organisationseinheit der BAM:1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien
1 Analytische Chemie; Referenzmaterialien / 1.8 Umweltanalytik
Jahrgang/Band:580
Erste Seite:1129
Letzte Seite:1145
Freie Schlagwörter:Biomarkers; Invertebrates; Oxidative stress; Pharmaceutical drugs
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltschadstoffe
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.069
URL:http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=Alerting&SrcApp=Alerting&DestApp=WOS&DestLinkType=FullRecord;UT=WOS:000395353600111
ISSN:0048-9697
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:05.12.2017
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:05.12.2017