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Simple colorimetric method for quantification of surface carboxy groups on polymer particles

  • We present a novel, simple, and fast colorimetric method to quantify the total number of carboxy groups on polymer microparticle and nanoparticle surfaces. This method exploits that small divalent transition metal cations (M2+ = Ni2+, Co2+, Cd2+) are efficiently bound to these surface functional groups, which allows their extraction by a single centrifugation step. Remaining M2+ in the supernatant is subsequently quantified spectrophotometrically after addition of the metal ion indicator pyrocatechol violet, for which Ni2+ was identified to be the most suitable transition metal cation. We demonstrate that the difference between added and detected M2+ is nicely correlated to the number of surface carboxy groups as determined by conductometry, thereby affording a validated measure for the trueness of this procedure. The variation coefficient of ~5% found in reproducibility studies underlines the potential of this novel method that can find conceivable applications for theWe present a novel, simple, and fast colorimetric method to quantify the total number of carboxy groups on polymer microparticle and nanoparticle surfaces. This method exploits that small divalent transition metal cations (M2+ = Ni2+, Co2+, Cd2+) are efficiently bound to these surface functional groups, which allows their extraction by a single centrifugation step. Remaining M2+ in the supernatant is subsequently quantified spectrophotometrically after addition of the metal ion indicator pyrocatechol violet, for which Ni2+ was identified to be the most suitable transition metal cation. We demonstrate that the difference between added and detected M2+ is nicely correlated to the number of surface carboxy groups as determined by conductometry, thereby affording a validated measure for the trueness of this procedure. The variation coefficient of ~5% found in reproducibility studies underlines the potential of this novel method that can find conceivable applications for the characterization of different types of poly(carboxylic acid)-functionalized materials, e.g., for quality control by manufacturers of such materials.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Andreas Hennig, Angelika Hoffmann, H. Borcherding, T. Thiele, U. Schedler, Ute Resch-Genger
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Analytical chemistry
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2011
Verlag:American Chemical Society
Verlagsort:Washington, DC
Jahrgang/Band:83
Ausgabe/Heft:12
Erste Seite:4970
Letzte Seite:4974
Freie Schlagwörter:Complexometry; Polymer surface; Pyrocatechol violet; Quantification
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/ac2007619
ISSN:0003-2700
ISSN:1520-6882
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:19.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:23.06.2011