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Investigation of methanogen-induced microbiologically influenced corrosion (Mi-MIC) using simulated marine environments under flowing conditions

  • Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of iron is usually attributed to sulfate-reducing microorganisms (SRM) in oil and gas facilities. SRM act upon the metal by the re-activeness of hydrogen sulfide (HS-), and by withdrawal of the available electrons in electrical contact with the metal (EMIC). Methanogenic archaea (MA) can also cause MIC (Mi-MIC). Several MAs were identified to be corrosive by using elemental iron as the sole electron donor for methanogenesis, including Methanobacterium­-affliated IM1 and Methanococcus maripaludis Mic1c10. Currently, low corrosion rates were reported for MA, possibly due to the formation of siderite (4Fe + 5HCO3- + 5H+ ® 4FeCO3 + CH4 + 3H2O). Since MA do not produce HS-, withdrawal of electrons may be their main corrosive mechanism; however, mechanistic details and kinetics of the overall process are poorly understood. To investigate the corrosion potential of MA, we studied the EMIC methanogenic strains (IM1 and Mic1c10)Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of iron is usually attributed to sulfate-reducing microorganisms (SRM) in oil and gas facilities. SRM act upon the metal by the re-activeness of hydrogen sulfide (HS-), and by withdrawal of the available electrons in electrical contact with the metal (EMIC). Methanogenic archaea (MA) can also cause MIC (Mi-MIC). Several MAs were identified to be corrosive by using elemental iron as the sole electron donor for methanogenesis, including Methanobacterium­-affliated IM1 and Methanococcus maripaludis Mic1c10. Currently, low corrosion rates were reported for MA, possibly due to the formation of siderite (4Fe + 5HCO3- + 5H+ ® 4FeCO3 + CH4 + 3H2O). Since MA do not produce HS-, withdrawal of electrons may be their main corrosive mechanism; however, mechanistic details and kinetics of the overall process are poorly understood. To investigate the corrosion potential of MA, we studied the EMIC methanogenic strains (IM1 and Mic1c10) individually or part of a syntrophic co-culture with SRM. Corrosion studies were conducted using an in-house developed flow-through system to simulate fluctuating environmental conditions. Results indicate that the rates of iron corrosion by MA (up to 0.4 mm/yr) are higher to that caused by the marine SRM Desulfovibrio alaskensis (0.15 mm/yr) and the co-culture (0.1 mm/yr). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the metal incubated with MA showed severe pitting corrosion. Genomic analysis of the EMIC MA was conducted to provide an insight on the possible cellular mechanisms that could be involved. Furthermore, low concentrations of MA-targeting biocides will be applied to EMIC MA in static and flow conditions to gain insights for possible mitigation strategies. Such knowledge and deeper understanding also from an electrokinetic point of view may not only provide further models in microbial electrophysiology, but also contribute to mitigation strategies in MIC.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Andrea Koerdt, Biwen Annie An
Koautoren/innen:Sherin Kleinbub, Annett Herrmann
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.1 Biologische Materialschädigung und Referenzorganismen
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Corrosion; MIC; Metalls; Methanogens; Microbiologically influenced corrosion; SRB
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltverhalten von Materialien und Produkten
Material
Material / Degradation von Werkstoffen und Materialien
Veranstaltung:7th International Symposium on Applied Microbiology and Molecular Biology in Oil Systems
Veranstaltungsort:Halifax, Canada
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:18.06.2019
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:21.06.2019
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:08.07.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein