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Nanomechanical study of polycarbonate/boehmite nanoparticles/epoxy ternary composite and their interphases

  • Thermoplastic modified thermosets are of great interest especially due to their improved fracture toughness. Comparable enhancements have been achieved by adding different nanofillers including inorganic particles such as nanosized boehmite. Here, we present a nanomechanical study of two composite systems, the first comprising a polycarbonate (PC) layer in contact with epoxy resin (EP) and the second consisting of a PC layer containing boehmite nanoparticles (BNP) which is also in contact with an EP layer. The interaction between PC and EP monomer is tested by in situ Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) analysis, from which a reaction induced phase separation of the PC phase is inferred. Both systems are explored by atomic force microscopy (AFM) force spectroscopy. AFM force-distance curves (FDC) show no alteration of the mechanical properties of EP at the interface to PC. However, when a PC phase loaded with BNP is put in contact with an epoxy system during curing, a considerableThermoplastic modified thermosets are of great interest especially due to their improved fracture toughness. Comparable enhancements have been achieved by adding different nanofillers including inorganic particles such as nanosized boehmite. Here, we present a nanomechanical study of two composite systems, the first comprising a polycarbonate (PC) layer in contact with epoxy resin (EP) and the second consisting of a PC layer containing boehmite nanoparticles (BNP) which is also in contact with an EP layer. The interaction between PC and EP monomer is tested by in situ Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) analysis, from which a reaction induced phase separation of the PC phase is inferred. Both systems are explored by atomic force microscopy (AFM) force spectroscopy. AFM force-distance curves (FDC) show no alteration of the mechanical properties of EP at the interface to PC. However, when a PC phase loaded with BNP is put in contact with an epoxy system during curing, a considerable mechanical improvement exceeding the rule of mixture was detected. The trend of BNP to agglomerate preferentially around EP dominated regions and the stiffening effect of BNP on EP shown by spatial resolved measurements of Young's modulus, suggest the effective presence of BNP within the EP phase.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Natalia Cano Murillo, Media Ghasem Zadeh Khorasani, Dorothee Silbernagl, Marc Benjamin Hahn, Vasile-Dan Hodoroaba, Heinz Sturm
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Journal of applied polymer science
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2020
Organisationseinheit der BAM:6 Materialchemie
6 Materialchemie / 6.1 Oberflächenanalytik und Grenzflächenchemie
6 Materialchemie / 6.6 Physik und chemische Analytik der Polymere
Veröffentlichende Institution:Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Verlag:Wiley Online Library
Verlagsort:New York, NY
Erste Seite:Article e50231, 1
Letzte Seite:11
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Composites; Mechanical properties; Nanoparticles; Thermoplastics; Thermosets
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Nanoskalige Materialien und deren Eigenschaften
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/app.50231
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:b43-515965
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei für die Öffentlichkeit verfügbar ("Open Access")
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell 4.0 International
Datum der Freischaltung:19.11.2020
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Datum der Eintragung als referierte Publikation:19.11.2020
Schriftenreihen ohne Nummerierung:Wissenschaftliche Artikel der BAM