Comparative study on standardized ignition sources used for explosion testing

  • For the determination of safety characteristics of gases, vapors and dusts different types of ignition sources are used in international standards and guidelines. The paper presents test results of a comparative calorimetric and visual study between four different types of ignition sources. The ignition procedures were analyzed visually with a high-speed camera and electric recordings. In addition to that, the influence of the electrode-orientation, -distance as well as ignition energy on the reproducibility of the exploding wire igniter was tested. The exploding wire is already in use for standardized determination of safety characteristics of gases, first tests on the suitability of the exploding wire igniter for dust testing have been carried out but are not standardized yet. Using the exploding wire, the ignition energy can be varied from 2 J to 10 000 J (2 x 5000 J) and thus it could be used for gases, vapors, dusts and hybrid mixtures. Moreover it can be used at high initialFor the determination of safety characteristics of gases, vapors and dusts different types of ignition sources are used in international standards and guidelines. The paper presents test results of a comparative calorimetric and visual study between four different types of ignition sources. The ignition procedures were analyzed visually with a high-speed camera and electric recordings. In addition to that, the influence of the electrode-orientation, -distance as well as ignition energy on the reproducibility of the exploding wire igniter was tested. The exploding wire is already in use for standardized determination of safety characteristics of gases, first tests on the suitability of the exploding wire igniter for dust testing have been carried out but are not standardized yet. Using the exploding wire, the ignition energy can be varied from 2 J to 10 000 J (2 x 5000 J) and thus it could be used for gases, vapors, dusts and hybrid mixtures. Moreover it can be used at high initial pressures and it is the only ignition source with an easily measurable ignition energy release. Furthermore, it does not introduce another chemical reaction into the system. Finally, a proposal for a standard ignition source for explosion tests on hybrid mixtures is derived from the test results.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Stefan Spitzer, Enis Askar, Arne Krietsch, Volkmar Schröder
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Journal of loss prevention in the process industries
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2021
Organisationseinheit der BAM:2 Chemische Sicherheitstechnik
2 Chemische Sicherheitstechnik / 2.1 Explosionsschutz Gase, Stäube
Verlag:Elsevier
Verlagsort:Amsterdam
Jahrgang/Band:71
Ausgabe/Heft:July
Aufsatznummer:104516
Erste Seite:1
Letzte Seite:15
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurbau
Freie Schlagwörter:Exploding wire; Hybrid mixtures; Ignition source; Safety characteristics determination
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Infrastruktur
Infrastruktur / Sicherheit von Industrieanlagen und Verkehrswegen
Veranstaltung:13th International Symposium on Hazards, Prevention, and Mitigation of Industrial Explosions
Veranstaltungsort:Braunschweig, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:27.07.2020
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:31.07.2020
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2021.104516
ISSN:0950-4230
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:03.05.2021
Referierte Publikation:Nein