New developments in high power laser and hybrid welding of thick plates for application in modern ship building

  • High power laser beam welding has been already introduced in ship building industry since last two decades and is characterized by higher performance as conventional arc welding technologies through its higher welding speed, penetration depth and therefore higher productivity. Moreover, high quality weld joints are achievable thanks to a stronger automatization degree and better repeatability of the process. A further advantage of the laser beam welding is a manufacturing of parts with very low distortion according to much lower heat input, so that rework amount can be reduced significantly. Nevertheless, there are still some unresolved problems limiting the range of application of the technology in part manufacturing within ship building industry, restricted by development and application of new materials or new design of ship vessels. The present contribution deals with some novel aspects of laser beam welding technology allowing to widen this range significantly. One of theHigh power laser beam welding has been already introduced in ship building industry since last two decades and is characterized by higher performance as conventional arc welding technologies through its higher welding speed, penetration depth and therefore higher productivity. Moreover, high quality weld joints are achievable thanks to a stronger automatization degree and better repeatability of the process. A further advantage of the laser beam welding is a manufacturing of parts with very low distortion according to much lower heat input, so that rework amount can be reduced significantly. Nevertheless, there are still some unresolved problems limiting the range of application of the technology in part manufacturing within ship building industry, restricted by development and application of new materials or new design of ship vessels. The present contribution deals with some novel aspects of laser beam welding technology allowing to widen this range significantly. One of the possibilities is to increase the weld seam thickness for single pass laser or laser-hybrid welding is to apply contactless EM-support system based on generation of the Lorentz force counteracting the liquid metal drop out. Also, application of laser-hybrid welding technology for welding novel materials like cold resistant steel X8Ni9 used for construction of LNG tanks brings technological and design advantages comparing to conventional welding technologies by using of a similar alloyed filler wire instead of expensive Ni-based filler material. Finally, it is shown how the application of computational techniques can be used to helps to improve the quality of laser welded joints and avoid the critical weld failure by optimization of the welding process parameters.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Andrey Gumenyuk
Koautoren/innen:Michael Rethmeier, Ömer Üstündag, Nasim Bakir, Sergej Gook
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2020
Organisationseinheit der BAM:9 Komponentensicherheit
9 Komponentensicherheit / 9.3 Schweißtechnische Fertigungsverfahren
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Angewandte Physik
Freie Schlagwörter:Hybrid laser arc welding; Laser beam welding; Ship building
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Energie
Energie / Energiespeicherung
Material
Material / Life Cycle von Komponenten
Veranstaltung:SHY Virtual Laserforum 2020
Veranstaltungsort:Online meeting
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:01.09.2020
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:03.09.2020
URL:https://laserforum.mobieforum.fi/
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:14.09.2020
Referierte Publikation:Nein